Freedom of Association

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Freedom of Association

 

the right of working people to establish and to join trade unions; also, the freedom of action of the trade unions themselves. The chief meaning of freedom of association is to provide organizations of working people in the capitalist countries with the opportunity to defend the interests of workers and other exploited groups without interference by state authorities or employers’ associations.

Owing to the efforts of the USSR and the other socialist countries, as well as of workers’ organizations of all countries, freedom of association has been internationally recognized. It has been established in such UN documents as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), the Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, and a number of conventions of the International Labor Organization, including the Freedom of Association Convention and the Right to Organize, and the Right to Organize and Collective Bargaining Convention. These documents declare that working people have the right to establish their own organizations without preliminary approval, to elect their own representatives freely, and to formulate programs of action and create federations and confederations.

In actuality, the freedom of association of working people is often limited and violated in the capitalist countries. At the same time, the bourgeoisie attempts to use existing laws on freedom of association to strengthen the influence of employers’ associations, arguing that any guarantees won by workers’ organizations should automatically apply to employers’ associations as well. The demands of trade unions with respect to freedom of association were formulated in the Charter of the Rights of Trade Unions and Socioeconomic Demands of the Workers of the Capitalist Countries in the Current Phase, adopted at the Eighth World Congress of Trade Unions (October 1973).

References in periodicals archive ?
Turning now to another right stressed by Rerum Novarum, Leo XIII develops an argument on the right of free associations. "The State," he says, "must not absorb the individual or the family; both should be allowed free and untrammelled action so far as is consistent with the common good and the interest of others" (RN, 35).
statute burdened teachers' "right of free association, a right
With justices soon to consider First Amendment cases involving anonymous speech, the right of free association and a federal law that limits speech supporting terrorist organizations, Tuesday's ruling offers hope the court has a proper appreciation for the First Amendment.
Reed that Washington's blanket primary system was also unconstitutional in that it violated a political party's right of free association. The U.S.
[check] the right of free association according to the interests and ideas of Cuba's citizens, with respect to the principles of pluralism and diversity of ideas present in society.
Recent cases have concerned whether land use regulations that prevent construction are an improper taking (6) and whether closing bathhouses violates the right of free association (7).
The protest was over five demands: the Right not to wear a prison uniform; the right not to do prison work; the right of free association with other prisoners; the Right to organize their own educational and recreational facilities; the right to one visit, one letter and one parcel per week.
In its own defense, a company statement says: "Kohl's will only do business with vendors whose workers are treated fairly, are on the job voluntarily, are not put at risk of physical harm, are fairly compensated and allowed the right of free association and not exploited in any way."
The Hungarian proposal, which is much more lenient than the American regulations, in no way restricts the right of free association or the functioning of non-governmental organisations.