Stadtholder

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Stadtholder

 

(also stadhouder), the viceroy in the Netherlands of Burgundian and later of Hapsburg sovereigns during the 15th and 16th centuries. After the 16th-century bourgeois revolution in the Netherlands, the stadtholder was the chief executive power in the United Provinces of the Netherlands until the end of the 18th century.


Stadtholder

 

in a number of European countries, an official who exercised state authority over a certain territory. Stadtholders existed in the Netherlands during the rule of the Burgundian and Hapsburg dynasties, in the crown lands of the Austrian Empire, and in Austria-Hungary until 1918. In the German Empire from 1871 to 1918, the term stadtholder was applied to the governor of Alsace-Lorraine. The office of Reichsstatthalter existed in fascist Germany from 1933 to 1945.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.