rinderpest

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Related to Rinderpest virus: Nipah virus

rinderpest

or

cattle plague,

an acute and highly infectious viral disease of cattle. It less frequently affects other ruminants, such as sheep, goats, and wild game. After an incubation period of three to nine days, a wide variety of symptoms may appear, including fever, inflammation of the mucous membranes, particularly the intestines, discharges from the eyes and nose, dehydration, and skin eruptions on the back and flanks. Death comes after four to eight days. Long dreaded in Eurasia because of its ability to kill entire populations of cattle, it was accidentally introduced into Africa in the late 19th cent.

Rinderpest was long controlled largely by destroying infected animals, but an effective and economical vaccine was developed in the 1950s and 60s by British veterinary scientist Walter Plowright. By the 1980s, rinderpest occurred primarily in N and E Africa and SW and S Asia as a result of eradication efforts. A global eradication program was begun in 1994 by the Food and Agriculture Organization, which confirmed in 2011 that the disease had been eradicated worldwide.

rinderpest

[′rin·dər‚pest]
(veterinary medicine)
An acute, contagious, and often fatal virus disease of cattle, sheep, and goats which is characterized by fever and the appearance of ulcers on the mucous membranes of the intestinal tract.
References in periodicals archive ?
Countries with strong and well-governed official National Veterinary Services should have a system to regulate the shipment, handling, and storage of dangerous pathogens (rinderpest virus is considered a dangerous pathogen for animals).
For rinderpest virus to remain viable during storage over long periods, the material must be continuously kept under suitable conditions.
Two countries holding stocks of rinderpest virus have never experienced an outbreak of rinderpest.
Extrapolating these results for countries for which information was not available, we estimated a global tally of 41 (95% credible interval 37-47) countries that held rinderpest virus (online Technical Appendix, wwwnc.cdc.gov/ EID/pdfs/12-0967-Techapp.pdf).
Rinderpest virus manipulations were being performed by some countries.
Nine (39%) of 23 laboratories reported providing veterinary authorities with an inventory of the material containing rinderpest virus that were held, and 3 (13%) laboratories reported that authorization from veterinary authorities was required before they could manipulate rinderpest viruses.
In parallel, rinderpest virus control and eradication may have favored the decline of cross-immunity in small ruminants and their increased risk for PPRV as predicted earlier by Taylor (38).
His research interests involve phylogenetic studies and development of diagnostic tools for rinderpest virus and PPRV.
Analysis of antibody response against Rinderpest virus (RPV) and Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV), by species, Turkey No.
Protection of goats against peste des petits ruminants with attenuated rinderpest virus. Res Vet Sci 1979;27:321-4.
Rapid detection of rinderpest virus antigen using pig-anti-CDV-PO conjugate in cell culture.