On Monday, in Paris, the signatories to the Rio treaty
(now 196), will try once again to fashion an international climate change agreement that might actually slow, then reduce, emissions and prevent the world from tipping over into full-scale catastrophe late in this century.
And they are aware that the last time that the Rio Treaty
was applied was in 1965, when the US Marines invaded the Dominican Republic to overthrow the constitutional government of President Juan Bosch.
Despite its lack of an army, Costa Rica has not turned to the regional mutual-defense pact Tratado Interamericano de Asistencia Reciproca (TIAR), also known as the Rio Treaty
, adopted on Sept.
The Rio Treaty
is a hemispheric security agreement signed before the OAS Charter but having the same geographic scope and some of the same goals and functions as the OAS Charter.
In the fall of 1990 at Geneva, Switzerland, the First Scientific Assessment of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Cange layed the foundation for the Rio Treaty
The report titled Property Sustainability Matter: Caveat Emptor said the slow burning fuse lit by Agenda 21 in the Rio Treaty
of 1992, a conference on climatic change, is now having a tangible impact on the property market, carrying with it enormous cost implications.
Two other topics were briefly considered by the Conference on Security: the relationship between the OAS and the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB) and the future of the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance, also blown as the Rio Treaty
The United States is also grateful for the OAS for coming to our aid in the wake of September 11, 2001 by invoking the Rio Treaty
, and the government of Canada for caring for so many of our people in the weeks following September 11, 2001.
You may recall that the Kyoto Protocol set the rules for the 1992 Rio Treaty
in which hundreds of countries pledged to reduce carbon dioxide and other emissions which seem to warm the atmosphere.
At this meeting, participants agreed to negotiate a successor agreement to the Rio Treaty
By prior agreement, the negotiators have barred the Kyoto treaty from imposing any new obligations on developing countries beyond those mentioned in the Rio treaty
Rather, they announced it at a news conference in Switzerland where representatives of scores of countries around the world, along with officials of the European Union and the United Nations, had gathered in their on-going efforts to implement the 1992 Rio Treaty
on global climate change.