Rio Treaty

Rio Treaty

(Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance), signed Sept. 2, 1947, and originally ratified by all 21 American republics. Under the treaty, an armed attack or threat of aggression against a signatory nation, whether by a member nation or by some other power, will be considered an attack against all (see Pan-AmericanismPan-Americanism,
movement toward commercial, social, economic, military, and political cooperation among the nations of North, Central, and South America. In the Nineteenth Century
..... Click the link for more information.
). The treaty provides that no member can use force without the unanimous consent of the other signatories, but that other measures against aggressors may be approved by a two-thirds majority. It differs from previous inter-American treaties in that it is a regional treaty within a larger international organization; it recognizes the higher authority of the Security Council of the United Nations.
References in periodicals archive ?
And there are over 20 South American Rio Treaty nations as well.
On Monday, in Paris, the signatories to the Rio treaty (now 196), will try once again to fashion an international climate change agreement that might actually slow, then reduce, emissions and prevent the world from tipping over into full-scale catastrophe late in this century.
And they are aware that the last time that the Rio Treaty was applied was in 1965, when the US Marines invaded the Dominican Republic to overthrow the constitutional government of President Juan Bosch.
Despite its lack of an army, Costa Rica has not turned to the regional mutual-defense pact Tratado Interamericano de Asistencia Reciproca (TIAR), also known as the Rio Treaty, adopted on Sept.
Latin American nations strongly condemned the September 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States and took action through the OAS and the Rio Treaty to strengthen hemispheric cooperation against terrorism.
The Rio Treaty is a hemispheric security agreement signed before the OAS Charter but having the same geographic scope and some of the same goals and functions as the OAS Charter.
In the fall of 1990 at Geneva, Switzerland, the First Scientific Assessment of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Cange layed the foundation for the Rio Treaty.
The report titled Property Sustainability Matter: Caveat Emptor said the slow burning fuse lit by Agenda 21 in the Rio Treaty of 1992, a conference on climatic change, is now having a tangible impact on the property market, carrying with it enormous cost implications.
as required by the 1992 Rio Treaty on Climate Change, which expanded on a 2000 report, the "National Assessment of the Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change," effectively the first acknowledgment of the reality of global warming from the Bush Administration.
Two other topics were briefly considered by the Conference on Security: the relationship between the OAS and the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB) and the future of the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance, also blown as the Rio Treaty.
The United States is also grateful for the OAS for coming to our aid in the wake of September 11, 2001 by invoking the Rio Treaty, and the government of Canada for caring for so many of our people in the weeks following September 11, 2001.
In a moment of hubris, Fox and Castaneda capped their state visit to Washington with an appearance before the Organization of American States in which they called for scrapping the 54-year-old Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance, also known as the Rio Treaty.