Rio Grande

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Rio Grande

(rē`o͝o grän`dĭ), city (1991 pop. 172,422), Rio Grande do Sul state, S Brazil, on the Rio Grande River at the outlet of the Lagoa dos Patos (a tidal lagoon) to the Atlantic Ocean. It is an important outport for the city of Pôrto Alegre on the northern end of the lagoon. Rio Grande has oil refineries and factories producing foodstuffs, leather, and tires. The city was founded in 1737.

Rio Grande,

name of several rivers of Brazil. The largest rises in S Minas Gerais state, SE Brazil, and flows c.650 mi (1,050 km) NW to the Paranaíba River, with which it forms the Paraná River. Its lower course forms part of São Paulo's northern boundary. The huge Furnas Dam with its reservoir near Passos, Minas Gerais, serves the industrial heart of Brazil with hydroelectricity.

See also: National Parks and Monuments (table)National Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
..... Click the link for more information.

Rio Grande

(rē`ō grănd, rē`ō grän`dē), river, c.1,885 mi (3,000 km) long, rising in SW Colo. in the San Juan Mts. and flowing south through the middle of N.Mex., past Albuquerque, then coursing generally southeast as the border between Texas and Mexico, making a big bend (see Big Bend National ParkBig Bend National Park,
801,163 acres (324,471 hectares), W Tex.; authorized 1935, est. 1944. It is a triangle formed where the Rio Grande runs southeast then northeast in a big bend along the U.S.-Mexico border, notably through deep canyons such as the Santa Elena.
..... Click the link for more information.
), and eventually emptying into the Gulf of Mexico at Brownsville, Tex., and Matamoros, Mex. Other paired towns along the river are Laredo, Tex., and Nuevo Laredo, Mex. and El Paso, Tex., and Juárez, Mex. The river, known in Mexico as Río Bravo del Norte, is unnavigable except near its mouth, but is now often reduced to a trickle there by drought and the drawing off of water upstream.

The Rio Grande is an important source of internationally regulated irrigation, a use it has long been put to. Pueblos were thriving on its banks N of Las Cruces, N.Mex., and the Native Americans were practicing irrigation of the arid country, when Spanish explorer Francisco Vásquez de Coronado arrived (1540). Today, dams on the Rio Grande are used for irrigation, flood control, and regulation of the river flow. Elephant Butte Dam (completed 1916) and Caballo Dam (completed 1938) in New Mexico create reservoirs that serve large areas. Further downstream N of Del Rio, Tex., is the Amistad Dam (completed 1969); it is 6 mi (9.7 km) long and impounds a huge reservoir; Amistad National Recreation Area is there. Below Laredo are Falcon Dam (completed 1954) and its large reservoir. Near the mouth of the Rio Grande is the irrigation-dependent citrus-fruit and truck-farm region commonly called the Rio Grande Valley and developed principally in the 1920s. An agreement between the United States and Mexico in 1944 provided for future distribution of the river's water, but in drought years the amount reaching the United States is often less than what is called for under the treaty.

Shifts in the river's channel have led to border disputes between the United States and Mexico. Parts of its bed have been stabilized by canalization, and an international border commission mediates disputes. The 114-year controversy over the location of the border at El Paso was finally settled in 1968 when the water of the Rio Grande was diverted into a concrete channel. A 191-mi (307-km) section of the river on the American shore below Big Bend National Park is protected as the Rio Grande Wild and Scenic River (see National Parks and MonumentsNational Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
..... Click the link for more information.
, table).

Bibliography

See R. E. Riecker, Rio Grande Rift (1979); P. Horgan, Great River: The Rio Grande in North American History (2 vol., 1984).

Rio Grande

 

a city in southeastern Brazil, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. Population, 116,800 (1970, including suburbs). Rio Grande has a railroad station. The city is a port at the entrance of Lagoa dos Patos, which was erroneously thought to be a large river by the Portuguese (hence the city’s name). Its freight turnover totaled 3.1 million tons in 1971. Rice, meat products, wool, and rawhide are exported. The food-processing industry is represented by beer brewing and meat and fish canning. Other industries include the tobacco, leather-and-foot-wear, and chemical industries. Rio Grande was founded in 1737.


Rio Grande

 

(in Mexico, Río Bravo del Norte), a river in southwestern North America, in the USA and Mexico. It is 2,880 km long and drains an area of 570,000 sq km. The river originates in the San Juan Mountains of the Rocky Mountains system. It flows primarily across dry plateaus, sometimes passing through narrow canyons, and empties into the Gulf of Mexico. From its mouth to El Paso, the river forms the boundary between the USA and Mexico.

The Rio Grande is at its highest level from September through November, when there is heavy flooding. The river dries up almost completely in some sections during the summer. It has a mean flow rate of 570 cu m per sec. No more than 3 percent of the flow reaches the mouth because the water is used for irrigation. The USA and Mexico have signed an agreement on the use of the Rio Grande for irrigation and power engineering; the Elephant Butte Reservoir, which is 150 km above El Paso, and the Falcón Reservoir, which is 110 km below Laredo, have been constructed on the river. Albuquerque, El Paso, and Laredo are located on the Rio Grande in the USA, and Ciudad Juárez, and Neuvo Laredo are located on the river in Mexico.

Rio Grande

1. a river in North America, rising in SW Colorado and flowing southeast to the Gulf of Mexico, forming the border between the US and Mexico. Length: about 3030 km (1885 miles)
2. a port in SE Brazil, in SE Rio Grande do Sul state: serves as the port for Porto Alegre. Pop.: 188 000 (2005 est.))
References in periodicals archive ?
Riogrande, grown in steam sterilized soil (100 degC for 6 h) were transferred (one seedling/pot) to 15cm-diameter earthen clay pots (1000 cm3).
A medida que los incendios se vuelven frecuentes y extendidos, el ecosistema se desplaza hacia una vegetacion mas propensa al fuego, por ejemplo, cuando los bosques tropicales se convierten en sabanas de pastos introducidos como se ha demostrado en algunos estudios (Cochrane, 2001; Cochrane & Laurance, 2002) y situacion que probablemente este ocurriendo en la cuenca de Riogrande con la ampliacion de la frontera agricola, lo cual progresivamente va deteriorando y eliminando los bosques de la cuenca.
Ademas, acorde con lo expresado en la clasificacion de Reynolds (1999), Riogrande II es un cuerpo de agua rico en nutrientes, con un epilimnio eutrofico y turbio debido a los aportes provenientes de la cuenca.
Chloroplast atpB promoter sequences from Punjab chuara, Riogrande and Roma showed 100 %, 93% and 82% identity with the N.
El embalse Riogrande II esta localizado al noroccidente de la ciudad de Medellin (Antioquia), en jurisdiccion de los municipios de Don Matias, San Pedro, Belmira, Santa Rosa de Osos y Entrerrios, entre 75[grados]32'30" W-75[grados]26'10" W y 63[grados]3'50" N-6o[grados]28'07" N.
74%) and R 165, GS 5575 and Riogrande had significantly highest fruit weight loss viz.
El balance que Ospina (1966) hace de los ultimos anos de la decada de los treinta y los primeros de la decada del cuarenta es que esta fue la edad de auge de las Empresas Publicas Municipales de Medellin: se logro ampliar la Central Hidroelectrica de Guadalupe (1938-1943), la instalacion de la telefonia automatica (1940), el montaje del tanque de agua de La Ladera (1940), la inauguracion de la planta de tratamiento del acueducto en Villa Hermosa (1943), la construccion de la represa de Piedras Blancas (1947), el estudio de cinco alternativas para nuevas hidroelectricas, una de ellas la de Riogrande (1940) (17) y las negociaciones sobre el pago y amortizacion de la deuda.
800 msnm en la cordillera Central; el embalse Playas, alimentado con las aguas de los rios Nare y Guatape en los municipios de San Carlos y San Rafael; y otros como Porce II, Guatape, Guadalupe, Punchina, Ayura, Piedras Blancas, Riogrande I y II, San Carlos, Calderas, Jaguas, Troneras y La Fe.
Most anglers Visiting Belize for the bonefish action overlook the great snook fishing, But from the central coast, in the Belize River area, down to the south, in the RioGrande and Port Honduras Marine Reserve, snook are as abundant as they are anywhere in the world, The central coast's fishery puts you close to city life and access to other travel destinations, while the southern zone is a trip unto itself.
LSC-funded Texas RioGrande Legal Aid has described a number of
Con el primer proyecto de Riogrande (1940's) nacieron las Empresas Publicas como ente autonomo (EPM, 1955).
coloradensis but were, instead, Geolycosa riogrande (Wallace 1942), G.