Phasis

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Related to Rioni River: Mtkvari, Mtkvari River, Kopet Dag

Phasis

 

(1) The ancient Greek name for the Rioni River, in what is now the Georgian SSR; the main river of Colchis. In the ancient world, the words “Phasis” and “Colchis” were often used synonymously.

(2) An ancient city and port on the Phasis River, founded in the sixth century B.C. by Greeks from Miletus. The city was the first point on a route that ran from the sea, along the navigable Phasis River, to the Surami Pass, and eventually to eastern Transcaucasia. In Roman and Byzantine times, Phasis was a fortress with a permanent garrison. In the 11th century it became the residence of the metropolitan of Lazica. Despite a reference by Strabo and information provided by travelers in the 18th and 19th centuries, the precise location of ancient Phasis has not been determined.

REFERENCE

El’nitskii, L. A. “Iz istoricheskoi geografii drevnei Kolkhidy.” Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1938, no. 2.
References in periodicals archive ?
The mission was concentrating on former industrial centres in the valley of the Rioni River, and was one of the last areas of Georgia to have gone unchecked for orphan sources.
The Poti Sea Port is a major seaport and harbour off the eastern Black Sea coast at the mouth of the Rioni River in Poti, Georgia.