Ripley, George,1802–80, American literary critic and author, b. Greenfield, Mass. After graduating from Harvard Divinity School in 1826, he entered the Unitarian ministry. He was one of the leaders of the transcendentaliststranscendentalism
[Lat.,=overpassing], in literature, philosophical and literary movement that flourished in New England from about 1836 to 1860. It originated among a small group of intellectuals who were reacting against the orthodoxy of Calvinism and the rationalism of the
..... Click the link for more information. and a contributor to their magazine, the Dial. In 1841 his interest in social reform led him to resign from the ministry and help found Brook FarmBrook Farm,
1841–47, an experimental farm at West Roxbury, Mass., based on cooperative living. Founded by George Ripley, a Unitarian minister, the farm was initially financed by a joint-stock company with 24 shares of stock at $500 per share.
..... Click the link for more information. , where he remained as president until 1847. His edition, with F. H. Hedge, of Specimens of Foreign Standard Literature, in translation (14 vol., 1838–42), increased American knowledge of European literature. In his later life he became an influential literary critic on the New York Tribune, conducting the first regular book review department in a U.S. newspaper.
See biography by O. B. Frothingham (1882, repr. 1970); study by C. R. Crowe (1967).
Born Oct. 3, 1802, in Greenfield, Mass.; died July 4, 1880, in New York. American publicist, philosopher, and Utopian socialist.
In 1823, Ripley graduated from Harvard University. He was a minister from 1826 to 1841 but then left the ministry. In 1841 he helped establish the Brook Farm community near Boston. Brook Farm, which in 1844 was incorporated as a phalanx, became a center for disseminating the ideas of C. Fourier in the United States. In 1846, after a fire, the settlement closed.
Ripley translated and published the works of Saint-Simon and C. Fourier in the United States, and from 1845 to 1849 published the Fourierist weekly Harbinger. In 1849 he began working on H. Greeley’s daily, the New York Tribune.