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Ripon,town (1991 pop. 11,952), North Yorkshire, N England, on the Ure River. It is a market town with foundries, varnish and paint factories, tanneries, and breweries. Ripon is famous as an old cathedral city where monasteries have stood since the 7th cent. The present cathedral dates from the 12th to the 15th cent. It has a Saxon crypt with a narrow passage called St. Wilfrid's Needle; the ability to pass through it was supposed to be an indication of chastity. The Wakeman's House (13th or 15th cent.), in the marketplace, was the residence of the mayor ("wakeman"). In 1640 a treaty signed in Ripon concluded the second of the Bishops' WarsBishops' Wars,
two brief campaigns (1639 and 1640) of the Scots against Charles I of England. When Charles attempted to strengthen episcopacy in Scotland by imposing (1637) the English Book of Common Prayer, the Scots countered by pledging themselves in the National Covenant
..... Click the link for more information. . St. Wilfrid, founder of an early monastery, is commemorated in an annual pageant.
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a city in N England, in North Yorkshire: cathedral (12th--16th centuries). Pop.: 16 468 (2001)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005