Ritornello

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ritornello

 

(1) In vocal music of the 17th through early 18th centuries, short instrumental sections serving as introductions, intermezzi or codas. Sometimes a ritornello used as an introduction is repeated at the end of a piece as a coda. If the same ritornello is heard in the middle of a work as well as in the beginning and end, it may be referred to as a refrain. In modern Italian the terms “ritornello” and ripresa are synonyms.

(2) In dance music, the introductory and concluding sections.

(3) In ballet of the late 17th through early 18th centuries, an instrumental introduction to a dance.

(4) In poetry (especially Italian folk and medieval poetry) a special three-line stanza.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Passing to the lay and secular sphere, that of culture which knows no denominational frontiers, as it were symbiotic, where Jews and Muslims met, shared the same preoccupations and were moved by the same impulses, we find Berber and Arabic poetry, the qissa (tale) and the malhun, the ballade and the ritornelle (`arubi'), the great compositions in Eastern Arabic, Hispanic or local language, those connected with classical Andalusian music (Hayk's anthology for Morocco, Nathan Yafil for Algeria and Sfina ma'luf for Tunisia), all those, very numerous, inscribed in a lahan at the top of compositions of piyyutim(2) and serving as models for the creation of Hebrew poetry itself and for Jewish sacred and secular music, that of the piyyut and the popular song.