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Related to Ritornello: basso continuo
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) In vocal music of the 17th through early 18th centuries, short instrumental sections serving as introductions, intermezzi or codas. Sometimes a ritornello used as an introduction is repeated at the end of a piece as a coda. If the same ritornello is heard in the middle of a work as well as in the beginning and end, it may be referred to as a refrain. In modern Italian the terms “ritornello” and ripresa are synonyms.

(2) In dance music, the introductory and concluding sections.

(3) In ballet of the late 17th through early 18th centuries, an instrumental introduction to a dance.

(4) In poetry (especially Italian folk and medieval poetry) a special three-line stanza.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Instead of adhering literally to specific melody transcriptions and simply decorating them, Britten uses folk melodies as motives that can be altered freely, creating piano ritornellos and using dissonance, giving his arrangements a style that accords with the rest of his output.
(7) In the "Of the Refrain" chapter of A Thousand Plateaus, human "music" is taken as the "deterritorialization of the "refrain" (ritornello), where the latter refers to the much wider domain or milieu of animal communication.
The second ritornello elides with the end of the first solo section its structure is relatively simple; it repeats various melodic segments from the first solo section and cadences while remaining in the key of the dominant.
Tanto para nuestras letras como para nuestra sociedad, estos polos--la literatura y la violencia, el poder y la creacion artistica--han adquirido un valor mortuorio, repitiendose incesantemente como si se tratasen de un ritornello interminable.
Sub-elements and common terms and instructional terminology may include: measure, phrase, arch, symmetric, passage, cycle, section, repeats, movement, multimovement, suite, schema, binary, rounded binary, ternary, rondo, sonata, sonata-rondo, concerto, concerto grosso, ritornello, symphony, introduction, exposition, development, recapitulation, coda, codetta, theme and variations, fugue, canon, round, Da capo, Dal segno, bridge, transition, extension, strophic, verse/chorus, refrain, strain, aria, gigue, tarantella, serenade, motet, cantata, madrigal, oratorio, opera, operetta, cadenza, recitative, march, trio, blues, macro/micro forms, hybrid, vamping, imitative, through composed.
Lavinia does not actually appear until much later, but her music, the real issue, is floating through the first pages in a concert of ritornello images that will be the beginning and final link to her in the written text.
The speaker can do little more than recognize a "sharp and constant burn" of his own praying soul, a fire consuming itself even as "cattle send their voices out into the empty." In the meantime, while there is yet breath and flesh, the speaker recalls swimming in Horse Head Creek, a four-part poem that moves from "Submerging" to the "Lake Bottom," hearing "The Call Back to the Surface" and finally "The Return." The poem's movements reflect a symphony: the opening allegro, a movement away--setting the tempo, followed by the slow adagio, the scherzo with its quick rapid reemergence, finished by the settled rondeau or ritornello, the speaker is again at the surface "now / in this manhood / alive" (23).