His major plyas, Ajagun Nla, Oba Koso, Oba Moro and Oba Waja among others reinforced our understanding of the Yoruba worldview through innovative folk dramas which encompassed ritual poetry
and traditional rhythms performed on local materials.
Regarding a strict paradigm for a ritual poetry
of lament stretching across almost one thousand years, as Hollo wisely cautions, "we cannot assume that the medieval Irish oral lament was structured in the same way as the modern." Kaarina Hollo, "Laments and Lamenting in Early Medieval Ireland," in Medieval Celtic Literature and Society, ed.
Its well-preserved heritage combines ritual poetry
with traditional music and dancing.
The Sabah Oral Literature Project has produced a significant and extensive archive of historical accounts, epic narratives, myths and legends, agricultural ritual and prayers, and most importantly, the complex ritual poetry that was sung by priestesses at all major ceremonies for the various gods and spirits.
Laura's research on the rinait, the huge body of chanted ritual poetry memorised by the bobolizan, formed the basis of the Sabah Oral Literature Project that was later established by Appells and their Rungus cultural dictionary.
Moreover, Toraja ritual poetry
is composed in a high register of the language, full of unusual vocabulary and obscure imagery, and notoriously difficult to translate; as Rappoport puts it, its compressed, elliptical style 'stays on the edge of meaning' (Vol.
To recite ritual poetry during the making of offerings is also called mangimbo, or in western districts, ma'mammang.
Such a definition of poetry as lyrical and private activity hardly suits the context of ritual poetry, which clearly does have work to do in providing pleasure to audiences both human and non-human.
Baif's increasing independence from the court poet's ritual poetry
of praise, is seen in Les Mimes, the most complex of the poems written to publicize Valois policies of unity and reconciliation.
The lemambang (bard) singing the poetry called timang or pengap, the manang (shaman) chanting the ritual poetry called pelian, and the tukang sabak (soul guide) singing the sabak poetry for a funeral are all part of a matrix of specialized singers who perform extraordinary texts for extraordinary purposes in Iban culture.
This study begins to describe and document the musical style in the singing of these three types of ritual poetry. Through aural investigation, musical transcription and determination of the musical characteristics of each type, a comparative view of these singing styles reveals distinct musical vocabularies for each of these specialists and, in the end, a distinct musical definition of each.
His death marks the final passing of a remarkable generation of Iban writers, most of them, like Henry, from the Saribas region, whose works, originally published by the Borneo Literature Bureau, captured in print something of the rich wealth of Iban oral literature, storytelling, and epic and ritual poetry
. A widely admired bard in his youth, a great storyteller, and throughout his life, soft-spoken and scholarly by temperament, Apai Jatan (or Apai Chendang), as he was known to family and friends, will be greatly missed by all who knew him.