River Hydrology

River Hydrology

 

the branch of land hydrology that studies rivers, runoff processes, and detrital processes in river channels and basins. River hydrology studies the position of river channels in plan (river meandering), the shape of transverse and longitudinal profiles, and the effect of climate, forest cover, agricultural technology, and hydraulic improvements on discharge. Other phenomena studied include the relationship between discharge and precipitation and evaporation, the process by which rivers are fed, the water and heat balance of basins, the thermal regime of rivers and basins, and ice phenomena. River hydrology also works to predict the hydrologic regime of rivers, that is, to make hydrologic forecasts.

REFERENCES

Apollov, B. A. Uchenie o rekakh. Moscow, 1963.
Velikanov, M. A. Gidrologiia sushi, 5th ed. Leningrad, 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
Once completed, the project is expected to provide a biodiversity profile as well as bathymetry and river hydrology of the three upland ecosystems of Lake Sebu municipality, together with other outputs.
Before selecting a dam site, many factors must be considered: accessibility, topography, geology of the foundation, river hydrology, size of catchment area, degree of environmental conservation and volume of sediment loads.
Tenders are invited for Construction of Headwork including Supplying, Fitting Fixing of sluice gates etc complete at Chandragre Village under integrated programme for water impounding and creation of water body for recharging catchment areas, restoring depleting water table and improving river hydrology at Chandragre village across Ringre Stream, West Garo Hills Division.
By integrating multiple decades' worth of data about dam operations, river hydrology, and fish species into a multi-objective model, the researchers were able to identify specific water-release schedules that benefited native fish over invasive fish, while still ensuring that all of the domestic and agriculture needs that rely on San Juan River's water are met.
Information on the predam river hydrology was not presented, so it is unknown to what extent the environment changed after dam construction or over the 133 years between surveys.
Jeffrey Jacobs (jjacobs@nas.edu) is a scholar with the National Research Council's Water Science and Technology Board, where he has directed studies on a variety of water-related topics, including Colorado River hydrology, Mississippi River water quality, and hurricane protection and ecosystem restoration in New Orleans and coastal Louisiana.
The result is a change in river hydrology. Small rivers as the Puhajogi River have been affected the most.
Li Zhang assisted with the acquisition of river hydrology data.
This arises partly from changes in river hydrology and human activity, and also from changes in land management and the increase in development in areas susceptible to flooding.
The sturgeon is also considered an indicator species whose abundance and distribution are directly related to the quantity and quality of suitable habitat and river hydrology. The fact that these specimens were collected at a habitat restoration project on a unit of the Big Muddy National Fish and Wildlife Refuge indicates that efforts to put back some of the 500,000 acres (200,000 hectares) of habitat lost to channelization can produce dramatic results.
To determine success of the restoration, scientists have established baseline data on river characteristics including vegetation types, river hydrology, and the populations of birds, fish, amphibians, reptiles, and endangered species that are likely to use the Kissimmee River floodplain.