Rivoli


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rivoli

 

a village on the Adige River, east of Lake Garda, in Verona Province, Italy. During Napoleon Bonaparte’s Italian Campaign of 1796–97, a battle was fought near Rivoli from Jan. 13 to 15, 1797.

In January 1797 the Austrian Army under General J. Al-vinczy, with about 28,000 men, launched an offensive along the Adige River in order to raise the blockade of Mantua, which was besieged by the French. On January 13 the Austrian forces pushed General B. C. Joubert’s French division toward the northern slopes of the Rivoli plateau. Alvinczy decided to rout Joubert, for which purpose he divided his forces into six columns, three of which were to attack the enemy from the front and the three others were to envelop the enemy’s flanks.

General Napoleon Bonaparte arrived in Rivoli on the evening of January 13, personally reconnoitered the terrain, discovered the enemy’s design, and decided to defeat them piecemeal by bringing his forces up from Mantua (up to 22,000 men). On January 14, as Joubert’s troops were with difficulty holding back the Austrian attacks in the center, General A. Masséna’s division approached Rivoli, followed by General M. Rey’s division. The French repulsed the enemy in the center and defeated the enveloping left-flank column. J. Murat’s detachment, which had crossed Lake Garda on boats, attacked the Austrian right-flank column from the rear and took them prisoner. On the morning of January 15 the Austrians began a retreat and were pursued by Joubert’s and Rey’s divisions. Masséna’s division returned together with Napoleon to Mantua, which soon surrendered.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
Strickland that it was a large and sumptuous place at the back of the Rue de Rivoli. We looked it out in the directory.
Raoul now remembered that his brother had once shown him that mysterious person, of whom nothing was known except that he was a Persian and that he lived in a little old-fashioned flat in the Rue de Rivoli.
Our rooms are on the Rue de Rivoli, and sitting on the balcony, we look up and down the long, brilliant street.
It was like meeting an old friend when we read Rue de Rivoli on the street corner; we knew the genuine vast palace of the Louvre as well as we knew its picture; when we passed by the Column of July we needed no one to tell us what it was or to remind us that on its site once stood the grim Bastille, that grave of human hopes and happiness, that dismal prison house within whose dungeons so many young faces put on the wrinkles of age, so many proud spirits grew humble, so many brave hearts broke.
"Pray take notice," said the countess, "that my present residence is 22 Rue de Rivoli, and that I am at home to my friends every Saturday evening.
The two gentlemen proceeded along the Rue de Rivoli and into the Palais Royal, where they seated themselves at one of the little tables stationed at the door of the cafe which projects into the great open quadrangle.
With a considerable amount of jingling and whip-cracking, and many plunging demonstrations on the part of two bare-backed horses and two centaurs with glazed hats, jack-boots, and flowing manes and tails, they rattle out of the yard of the Hotel Bristol in the Place Vendome and canter between the sun-and-shadow-chequered colonnade of the Rue de Rivoli and the garden of the ill-fated palace of a headless king and queen, off by the Place of Concord, and the Elysian Fields, and the Gate of the Star, out of Paris.
We rap their knuckles at Montenotte; we hurry on to thrash them at Rivoli, Lodi, Arcola, and Millesimo, and we never let them go.
Let us add a quantity of fine, amusing, and varied streets, like the Rue de Rivoli, and I do not despair of Paris presenting to the eye, when viewed from a balloon, that richness of line, that opulence of detail, that diversity of aspect, that grandiose something in the simple, and unexpected in the beautiful, which characterizes a checker-board.
He was a Gascon of gigantic stature and bodily daring; and the wildest tales were told of his outbursts of athletic humour; how he turned the juge d'instruction upside down and stood him on his head, "to clear his mind"; how he ran down the Rue de Rivoli with a policeman under each arm.
Get set to shine this summer in a selection of designer shades from Rivoli EyeZone that will keep your eyes feeling fresh all day long ...
Residents of the development, called Village on Rivoli, may have access someday to a neighborhood electric vehicle charging station and be able to subscribe to an urban community solar garden producing electricity at a location a few blocks away.