Rizal Day

Rizal Day

December 30
A national holiday in the Philippines, Rizal Day commemorates the execution of the national hero, Dr. JosÉ Rizal, on this day in 1896. Flags fly at half-staff throughout the country, and special rites are led by the president at the 500-foot obelisk that is the Rizal Monument in Manila.
Rizal, born in 1861 in the Philippines, was a doctor who studied medicine in Spain, France, and Germany. He was also a botanist, educator, man of letters, and inspiration for the Philippine nationalist movement. Writing from Europe and denouncing the corrupt ruling of the Philippines by Spanish friars, he became known as a leader of the Philippine reform movement.
He wrote the novel, Noli me tangere (1886; The Lost Eden, 1961), for which the Spanish administration deported him shortly after he had returned to the Philippines in 1887. He again returned to the Philippines in 1892 and founded a nonviolent reform movement, as a result of which he was exiled to the Philippine island of Mindanao, where he established a school and hospital.
Rizal had no direct role in the nationalist insurrection; nevertheless, he was arrested, tried for sedition, and executed by a firing squad. On the eve of his execution, he wrote the poem "Mi Ultimo Adiós," meaning "My Last Farewell." The poem, in the original Spanish and translated into other languages, is transcribed on a marble slab near the Rizal Monument.
CONTACTS:
Philippine Tourism Center
556 Fifth Ave.
New York, NY 10036
212-575-7915; fax: 212-302-6759
www.philippinetourism.us
SOURCES:
AnnivHol-2000, p. 215

Celebrated in: Philippines

Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations of the World Dictionary, Fourth Edition. © 2010 by Omnigraphics, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
He also skipped the morning ceremony for Rizal Day in Davao City in 2018.
Among them were the Rizal Day bombings in 2000 that left at least 22 people dead and scores injured and the Valentine's Day bombings in 2005 wherein nine people died while several others were injured.
The following month, the president did not attend the Rizal Day rites in Davao City supposedly to take a rest.
President Rodrigo Duterte skipped rites to commemorate the 122nd anniversary of the martyrdom of Rizal Day in Davao City yesterday.
This is in addition to Proclamation 555 Series of 2018 issued by the President declaring January 1 (New Year's Day) and December 30 (Rizal Day) as Regular Holidays and December 31 (New Year's Eve) as a Special Non-Working Day.
The official date of Rizal day falls on December 30.
A statement issued by the presidential palace said this year's observance of Rizal Day coincided with the 100th year marking the transfer of Rizal's mortal remains which were kept in his sister Narcisa's house in Binondo, Manila to the National Hero's monument in Luneta.
The date of his execution, "Rizal Day", is now celebrated as a national holiday.
Last month's Rizal Day celebration predictably prompted efforts to connect the revival of mandatory Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) to the promotion of the patriotism that Rizal exemplified.
Some of the bomb attacks in Metro Manila are the Rizal Day bombing at an LRT (Light Rail Transit) station in 2000, the Valentine's Day bombings in 2005 in Makati and the Super Ferry bombing in 2004.
The LRTA reminded the public of the Rizal Day bombings on Dec.