Road of Life


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Road of Life

 

(Doroga zhizni), the only military strategic transportation route across Lake Ladoga connecting Leningrad during its blockade by the fascist German troops with the rear regions of the country during the Great Patriotic War (1941-45), from September 1941 through March 1943. People and industrial enterprises were evacuated on the Road of Life and food, fuel, reinforcements, arms, and ammunition were brought into the city (see Table 1). During the navigable periods the people and cargo were transported along the water route by the ships of the Ladoga Military Flotilla and vessels of the Northwestern River Shipping Line from the ports of Novaia Ladoga (the long route, 125 km long) and Kobona (the short route, 35 km long) to the port of Osinovets. When the lake was frozen, trucks hauled the cargo from Kobona to Vaganov and Kokorev along the ice road.

Table 1.
Time of operationTotal freight brought in (tons)Number of people evacuated
Water route  
September-November 1941...............60,00038,500
May 1942-January 1943...............780,000539,500
April-November 1943...............200,000160,000
Total...............1,040 000738,000
Ice road  
November 1941 -April 1942...............361,000549,000
November 1942-March 1943...............214,000about 89,000
Total...............575,000about 638,000

In addition, over 300,000 troop reinforcements were sent to Leningrad. All the freight from the western shore of Lake Ladoga was shipped to Leningrad on the Irinovka Branch of the October Railroad. In accordance with the Apr. 25, 1942, decision of the State Committee for Defense, a pipeline for supplying petroleum products was built along the bottom of Lake Ladoga in record time; 35 km long, 26 km of which were under water, the pipeline was put in operation on June 18, 1942. The Road of Life was subjected to bombardment by air strikes and heavy artillery. The Ladoga Military Flotilla, the air defense forces, and the aviation of the Lenin-grad Front and of the Order of the Red Banner Baltic Fleet reliably protected the Road of Life and ensured its uninterrupted operation, which played an important role in the defense of Leningrad. The mass heroism of the Soviet people who acted under extremely difficult conditions on the Road of Life has been immortalized in a series of monuments erected on the shore of Lake Ladoga and along the highway to Leningrad.

REFERENCES

Pavlov, D. V. Leningrad v blokade. Moscow, 1967.
Ladoga rodnaia. Vospominaniia. Leningrad, 1969.
Kondrat’ev, Z.I. Dorogi voiny. Moscow, 1968.
Saparov, A. Doroga zhizni. Dokumental’naia povest’. Leningrad, 1959

G. B. KARAMZIN

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
He was one of those many wayfarers on the road of life, who seem to be afflicted with supernatural corns, rendering it impossible for them to keep up even with their lame competitors.
That little fellow seems to be no part of me; I remember him as something left behind upon the road of life - as something I have passed, rather than have actually been - and almost think of him as of someone else.
It was the first time that a grave had opened in my road of life, and the gap it made in the smooth ground was wonderful.
How many a poor immortal soul have I met well-nigh crushed and smothered under its load, creeping down the road of life, pushing before it a barn seventy-five feet by forty, its Augean stables never cleansed, and one hundred acres of land, tillage, mowing, pasture, and woodlot!
The Kyrgyz railway is a road of life, an object of nationwide love, pride and prosperity of our nation.
Many of us are driving down the road of life with one foot on the brake--we know the how-to's of success but are still stuck.
Synopsis: Strength is a wise and profound book that helps women deal with both the large and small bumps in the road of life. Here are over 125 meditations, stories, and musings on becoming stronger, happier, healthier, and more bodacious.
"I'm very happy to wander along the road of life and see what bumps into me, whatever to wait for the next adventure." From next week the show will be on three times a week on BBC1 - moving to the prime 9pm slot where it will do battle with big dramas such as Grantchester and Cold Feet.
WHY oh why did you say goodbye Why break my heart why make me cry For you're the girl the angel girl Who's got the key to open my world And to make my life worth living So why oh why sweet angel of my life Why did you say goodbye For it was you who filled my heart full of Warm tender love and my life full of happiness And joy every time I held you kissed you And loved you I felt one very lucky boy to Have had an angel of beauty like you Walking by my side So why oh why sweet angel of my life Why did you say goodbye For your love was so warm and tender Your love was so soft but strong And it was your tender love that gave me And my heart Both the will and strength to carry on Along this long and winding road of life DONALD TYE, Wallsend
Some stories, however, serve a higher purpose: teaching people how to rise above the challenges in the road of life and achieve dreams that they once thought were impossible.
In the original painting, you can see a curved road and you see a few characters: "The Protagonist" is the character standing on the road of life making a gesture of confusion and questioning his proportions are somewhat ambiguous so that the observer is not sure is he is a boy or a man.