Robert, Henry Martyn

Robert, Henry Martyn,

1837–1923, American military engineer, b. Robertville, S.C., grad. West Point, 1857. He is best known as the author of a book on parliamentary law, Pocket Manual of Rules of Order for Deliberative Assemblies (1876), of which a revision appeared in 1915 as Robert's Rules of Order Revised. In the Civil War, Robert was assigned to the engineers and worked on the defenses of Washington, Philadelphia, and the New England coast. Almost continuously from 1867 until 1895 he was in charge of river, harbor, and coast improvements along the Pacific and Gulf coasts, on the Great Lakes, and on Long Island Sound. In 1901 he was appointed brigadier general, chief of engineers; soon afterward he retired.

Robert, Henry Martyn

(1837–1923) military engineer; born in Robertville, S.C. A graduate of West Point (1857), in 1858 he participated in operations against Indians in the Northwest. During the Civil War he served with the Union army and constructed defenses for Washington, D.C. During the next 36 years he served with the Corps of Engineers, constructing many river and harbor improvements as well as fortifications. After the 1900 tidal wave in Galveston, Texas, he helped build its sea wall. His name remains in current usage, however, for other than his engineering feats. Asked to preside at a meeting about 1862, he could not find a guide to the proper procedures, so he drew up his own; after several editions and revisions, it was published as Robert's Rules of Order (1915) and remains the standard authority for virtually all official meetings in the U.S.A.
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