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Barany, Robert(rō`bĕrt bä`ränē), 1876–1936, Austrian physician. For his work on the physiology and pathology of the vestibular apparatus of the ear he received the 1914 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. From 1917 until his death he was professor at the Univ. of Uppsala.
(also Bárányi). Born Apr. 22, 1876, in Vienna; died Apr. 8, 1936, in Uppsala. Austrian otorhinolaryngologist; one of the founders of otiatrics.
Bárány graduated from the medical school of the University of Vienna in 1900 and worked as an assistant in Politzer’s Ear Clinic from 1905 to 1911. During World War I he served as an army physician. From 1917 to the end of his life he was chairman of the Ear, Nose, and Throat Clinic of the University of Uppsala.
Bárány’s main works dealt with the physiology and pathology of the vestibular apparatus. He proposed methods of examining it, with the aid of the Bárány chair, and suggested several operations on the temporal bone, labyrinth, and frontal sinus. He also constructed instruments for examining functions of the ear, including the Bárány rattle.
Bárány won the Nobel Prize in 1914.
WORKS“Untersuchungen über den vom Vestibularapparat des Ohres reflektorisch ausgelösten rhythmischen Nystagmus und seine Begleiterscheinungen.” Monatsschrift für Ohrenheilkunde und Laryngo-Rhinologie, 1906, vol. 40, pp. 193–297; 1907, vol. 41, pp. 477–526.
REFERENCESVoiachek, V. “Robert Barani.” Arkhiv sovetskoi oto-rino-laringologii, 1936, no. 4.
Brock, W. “Dr. Bárány; Nobelpreisträger”. Münchener medizinische Wochenschrift, 1916, no. 7, pp. 233–34.