Robert Clive


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Clive, Robert

 

Born Sept. 29, 1725, on the estate of Styche, Shropshire; died Nov. 22, 1774, in London. Administrator of the British Empire in India.

In 1757, Clive commanded the troops of England’s East India Company at the battle of Plassey, where the army of the nabob of Bengal was defeated and the Bengal region won for England. From 1757 to 1760 and again from 1765 to 1767, Clive was the British governor of Bengal. He introduced what was called the dual administration, whereby civil affairs remained in the competence of Bengali authorities and tax collection was taken over by the East India Company. Clive plundered the treasury of the nabob and accumulated a huge fortune. In 1773 a commission of Parliament investigated the question of Clive’s acquired riches, finding him innocent of wrongdoing and noting that he had “rendered great and meritorious services to his country.”

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Robert Clive spent around seven years living in Greater Manchester and his former home is one of the most stunning properties in the region.
During Robert Clive's dual rule, until 1774, the task of revenue collection was still at the hands of the puppet Nawabs who collected the same through their Hindu representatives - the nayeb-diwans (tax collectors/Izaradars).
As Philip Lawson puts it: "Between 1743 and 1767 Robert Clive's relationship with India was dominated by an almost rhythmic pattern of engagement and withdrawal.
For some people the victory of a conniving English buccaneer like Robert Clive over an Indian prince whose main supporter he had previously bribed is not an event to be recorded with any sense of national pride.
Robert Clive (1725-1774): Known as Clive of India, said to be founder of the British Empire.
He was once the pampered pet of Robert Clive - the pioneering British general who helped colonise India in the mid-18th century.
But your fame is assured by the names of Busaco and Badajoz" And to the Munsters: Robert Clive was your first Colonel and under him you fought at Plassey, and not Clive only but Forde and Knox and Hector Munro and all the old heroes of India knew of what stuff you were made ...
Robert Clive, the East India Company's governor of Bengal, was the soldier-administrator whose exploits ensured Britain's supremacy in India in the mid-eighteenth century.
The first programme, Rogue Trader, explores the origins of British rule in India and tells the story of Robert Clive, later Lord Clive of India.
They noted that in 1997, a London auction house planned to put on sale gold coins that their anonymous sellers claimed were part of a booty once belonging to Robert Clive, the 18th century British general.
New information on the relationship between Manzuoli and the Mozart family comes from an unexpected source: the letters of Lady Clive, wife of Robert Clive ('Clive of India').
Born in Limerick, Ireland, the sixth son of a clergyman (1728); entered the army and saw his first active service during Bonnie Prince Charlie's Jacobite Rising (August 1745-April 1746); obtained a captaincy in the 39th Regiment, the regular British force in India, a few years later; fought with part of the 39th under Robert Clive in the recapture of Calcutta (February 2, 1757) and at Plassey (June 23); his conduct of a 400-mile pursuit of a French force under great hardship won him the rank of lieutenant colonel and command of the 84th Regiment (late 1757?); commander of British forces in the Carnatic (southeast coastal region) (1760); and won a victory over French Count Lally at Wandiwash (January 22, 1760); together with Col.