Robert Delaunay

Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Delaunay, Robert

(rōbĕr` dəlōnā`), 1885–1941, French painter; husband of Sonia Delaunay-TerkDelaunay-Terk, Sonia
, 1885–1979, Russian painter and designer; wife of Robert Delaunay. Raised in St. Petersburg, she moved to Paris in 1905. With her husband, she developed orphism, a movement that strove for the harmonious mixture of colors.
..... Click the link for more information.
. By 1909, Delaunay had progressed from a neoimpressionist phase to cubismcubism,
art movement, primarily in painting, originating in Paris c.1907. Cubist Theory

Cubism began as an intellectual revolt against the artistic expression of previous eras.
..... Click the link for more information.
, applying cubist principles to the exploration of color. He immediately enlarged cubist themes to include the architecture of cities (e.g., La Ville de Paris, 1912; Musée d'Art moderne, Paris). He became a major figure in the movement Apollinaire termed orphismorphism,
a short-lived movement in art founded in 1912 by Robert Delaunay, Frank Kupka, the Duchamp brothers, and Roger de la Fresnaye. Apollinaire coined the term orphism
..... Click the link for more information.
. This amalgam of fauve color, futurist dynamism, and analytical cubism sought to emulate the rhythms but not the appearance of nature. Delaunay is most famous for his series of paintings of the Eiffel Tower; one of them is in the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City.


See M. Hoog, Delauney (1977).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
These decorative objects stirred a hearty debate about "what is art?" Because Sonia was fluent in German, she and Robert Delaunay navigated the Berlin scene so well that Lyonel Feininger called the couple "almost scientific, an optical corporation" (90).
Among her influences Mary lists the French artist Robert Delaunay who, with his wife Sonia, developed an art movement called orphism which featured strong colours and geometric shapes.
These radical concepts immediately resonated with poets and writers, many of whom were also in Weber's Parisian circle: Guillaume Apollinaire, Robert Delaunay, Gertrude Stein.
Cubism certainly got to Chagall (it got to everybody), as did the swirling disks of Robert Delaunay's Orphism.
It was a marriage of convenience but they shared a strange love and studied African and Egyptian art until she met Robert Delaunay and married him.
In the former case it was the gift of the Garman-Ryan Collection in 1972 which provided such foreign gems as the early portrait by Degas of his sister or Robert Delaunay's 1918 portrait of Stravinsky.
The deaccessioned works include paintings by Amadeo Modigliani, Camille Pissarro, Georges Rouault, Robert Delaunay and Max Beckmann; works on paper by Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Edgar Degas, Patti Klee and Fernand Leger; and sculptures by Alberto Giacometti and Henry Moore.
Thus, Apollinaire gives much more space to Seurat and the Douanier Rousseau than to Cezanne, and to Marie Laurencin than to Robert Delaunay. Other eccentricities include his ill-fated attempt to separate 'the Cubists' into four tendencies, mystifyingly termed 'scientific', 'physical', 'orphic', and 'instinctive', the last being a catch-all for anyone forward-looking he could not accommodate in the other three.
Pentru mine, schimbarea o aduce in pictura de exemplu, Klee, el este avangarda din punctul meu de vedere, cubist este Robert Delaunay, mai profund decat Picasso.