Robert Gordon Menzies

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Menzies, Robert Gordon


Born Dec. 20, 1894, in Jeparit, Victoria. Australian statesman. Educated as a lawyer.

In 1934, Menzies was elected to the federal parliament; from 1934 to 1939 he served as federal prosecutor. Leader of the United Australia Party (1939-44) and of the Liberal Party (1944-66), Menzies was prime minister from April 1939 to August 1941 and from December 1949 to January 1966, while simultaneously holding several ministerial posts.

In 1951 the Menzies government attempted to outlaw the Communist Party of Australia, and in the same year, and again in 1959-61, it passed a number of laws against progressive organizations and the trade unions.

The Menzies government drew Australia into the aggressive military blocs ANZUS (1951) and SEATO (1954).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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