Robert Hogg Matthew
Matthew, Robert Hogg
Born Dec. 12, 1906, in Edinburgh. British architect.
Matthew studied at the school of architecture of the Edinburgh College of Art. He was the architect to the London County Council from 1946 to 1953, a professor at the University of Edinburgh from 1953 to 1968, and the president of the International Union of Architects from 1961 to 1965. Matthew was largely responsible for the establishment of the principles of rationalism in British architecture in the 1940’s and 1950’s. His first work to brilliantly embody these principles was the Royal Festival Hall (1949–51) in London. Other works by Matthew in London include the Olton residential complex in Rowhampton (in collaboration with others, 1951–59) and the Commonwealth Institute (1962, with S. Johnson-Marshall). He also designed the Turnhouse air terminal in Edinburgh (1955).