Robert Schuman(redirected from Robert Jean-Baptiste Nicolas Schuman)
Born June 29, 1886, in Luxembourg; died Sept. 4,1963, at Chazelles, near the city of Metz. French political figure. Member of the Mouvement Républicain Populaire.
Schuman was a deputy to the French National Assembly from 1919 to 1940 and from 1946 to 1962 and a deputy to the constituent assemblies elected in 1945 and 1946. He served as minister of finance in 1946 and 1947, premier in 1947 and 1948, minister of foreign affairs from 1948 to January 1953, and minister of justice in 1955 and January 1956. He was closely associated with the de Wendel financial group. Schuman contributed to the establishment of the European Coal and Steel Community (1951), which marked the beginning of the process of Western European integration (seeSCHUMAN PLAN).