Robert Koldewey

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Koldewey, Robert


Born Sept. 10, 1855, in Blankenburg; died Feb. 4, 1925, in Berlin. German archaeologist and historian of architecture.

Koldewey conducted excavations in Greece, in Italy, on the island of Sicily, on the northwestern coast of Asia Minor (Assos), on the island of Lesbos, in southeastern Turkey (Zenjirli), and in Mesopotamia (Babylon). His investigations of ancient Babylon are of particular importance.


Die antiken Baureste der Insel Lesbos. Berlin, 1891.
Neandria. Berlin, 1891.
“Die Architektur von Sendschirli.” In the book Ausgrabungen in Sendschirli, vol. 2. Berlin, 1898.
Die griechischen Tempel in Unteritalien und Sicilien, vols. 1–2. Berlin, 1899. (With O. Puchsten.)
Die Tempel von Babylon und Borsippa. Leipzig, 1911.
Das wieder erstehende Babylon, 4th ed. Leipzig. 1925.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Most interesting to the historian of Assyriology are the contributions of Johannes Renger situating the work at Assur within the tumultuous history of Germany in the twentieth century and that of Olof Matthes, who reviews the correspondence between excavator Walter Andrae at Assur and his nominal supervisor, Robert Koldewey, digging at Babylon.
Robert Koldewey illustrated a selection in various reports and in Das wiedererstehende Babylon (1925).
(2) Als Grundlage dienen ihm die 5161 Tontafelfunde, die wahrend der deutschen Ausgrabung in Babylon von 1899 bis 1917 unter der Leitung von Robert Koldewey dokumentiert wurden.
Archive and Bibliotheken in Babylon: Die Tontafeln der Grabung Robert Koldeweys 1899-1917.
In addition to the cantankerous Delitzsch, Crusemann discusses such important individuals as his long-suffering assistant Leopold Messerschmidt, excavators Robert Koldewey and Walter Andrae, industrialist, philanthropist, and museum patron James Simon, and Egyptologist Adolf Ermann, who was in charge of the antiquities from Western Asia before the appointment of Delitzsch.
So close, in fact, that Robert Koldewey remarked in his excavation report of Babylon: "[When found] Undisturbed, two of them [i.e., the incantation bowls] are cemented with the hollow sides together, like a small, but empty double-jar grave." (2) Lastly, in the fourth section I argue that the formal similarity observed above derived from a desire on the part of late-antique ritual practitioners symbolically to bury human adversaries or supernatural malignant entities.
As already mentioned, the resemblance of the incantation bowl pairs to the double-jar burials was actually noted in the early twentieth century by the German archaeologist Robert Koldewey. However, his observation was not picked up by later scholars, and the possible ritual implications of this similarity remained unexplored.
German Robert Koldewey was subject to doubts when he discovered the ancient city of Babylon in modern Iraq because he came from an architecture background.
Robert Koldewey was the leader for Deutsches Orient Gesellschaft at Babylon.