Rob Roy

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Rob Roy

[Scottish Gaelic,=red Rob], 1671–1734, Scottish freebooter, whose real name was Robert MacGregor. He is remembered chiefly as he figures in Sir Walter Scott's novel Rob Roy (1818). Deprived of their estates as a result of proscription, the MacGregors lived largely by stealing cattle and selling "protection." Because of the proscription, which was renewed in 1693, Rob Roy assumed his mother's name, Campbell. He exploited the fact that his territory, Balquhidder, lay between the estates of the rival dukes of Montrose and Argyll. The duke of Montrose at first supported him in a cattle-farming business, but Montrose withdrew his support, forcing Rob into bankruptcy, in 1712. Rob then took to brigandage in earnest, particularly against Montrose. He took advantage of the Jacobite rising of 1715 to engage in plundering raids, but he did not espouse the Jacobite cause. In 1717, Montrose induced the duke of Atholl, previously friendly to Rob, to capture him, but he escaped to the protection of the duke of Argyll. Rob later attempted to make peace with Montrose and with the Hanoverians and to deny culpability for his activities during 1715. However, he was arrested, imprisoned in Newgate, and in 1727 sentenced to be transported. He was pardoned and returned to Balquhidder, where he remained until his death.
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Rob Roy

Robin Hood of Scotland. [Br. Lit.: Rob Roy]

Rob Roy

(Robert MacGregor, 1671–1734) Scottish Highland outlaw remembered in Sir Walter Scott’s novel Rob Roy (1818). [Scottish Hist.: EB, VIII: 619]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Rob Roy

real name Robert Macgregor. 1671--1734, Scottish outlaw
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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Lawrence and her husband Gavin Duffy of Norwalk, CT., 3 step-sons; Robert MacGregor and his wife Donna of Spencer, Mark MacGregor and his wife Ann of American Canyon, CA., Matthew MacGregor and his wife Roseann of Oxford, 2 step-daughters; Amy MacGregor of Brookfield, Judi Levens and her husband John of Healdsburg, CA., a brother Kenneth Lawrence of England, 7 grandchildren, 3 great-grandchildren and several nieces and nephews.
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Robert MacGregor took his passport with him when he went for a night out in Glasgow with friends.