Robert Maillart


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Maillart, Robert

 

Born Feb. 6, 1872, in Bern; died Apr. 5, 1940, in Zürich. Swiss engineer.

Maillart graduated from the Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich in 1894. One of the first to discover the architectural possibilities of reinforced concrete, he designed flat, girderless floor structures using mushroom-shaped supports (Federal Grain Warehouse in Altdorf, 1912). He also built a number of bridges with flat beams resting on graceful, gently sloping arches made of thin slabs bifurcated near the support (for example, the Salginatobel Bridge, 1930, with a 90-m arch). From 1912 to 1919, Maillart worked in Russia.

REFERENCE

Bill, M. R. Maillart. Paris, 1955.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
When he designs a bridge on his own, as he did recently in Portugal, he has to put a kink in it (for lateral stability, he claims) but the resulting form, with its ill-proportioned members, is enough to make great engineers like Robert Maillart or Gustave Eiffel turn in their graves.
The lions are long gone, but the innovation and simple beauty of Robert Maillart's bridges all over Switzerland remain an inspiration.
I got interested in the economy and invention of great engineering structures, like the thin shell constructions of Heinz Isler and Eduardo Torroja and the work of bridge builders like Othmar Ammann, Eugene Freyssinet--and especially Robert Maillart. His bridges are so incredibly economical and beautiful.
Millau is in the tradition of the great European viaducts by Robert Maillart and Christian Menn, but on an even larger scale.
It's easy to make jokes about Switzerland but as the cheekily named English language www.vitruvio.ch/ tells us, famous Swiss architects include Borromini, Robert Maillart, Le Corbusier, Hannes Meyer, Mario Botta, Peter Zumthor, Bernard Tschumi and I-Ierzog and de Meuron.