Noyce, Robert Norton

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Noyce, Robert Norton

(nois), 1927–90, American engineer, inventor, and entrepeneur, b. Burlington, Iowa.; grad. Grinnell College (B.A., 1949), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Ph.D., 1953). Early in his career he worked with William ShockleyShockley, William Bradford,
1910–89, American physicist, b. London. He graduated from the California Institute of Technology (B.S., 1932) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Ph.D., 1936). After directing antisubmarine research for the U.S.
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 on specialized versions of the transistortransistor,
three-terminal, solid-state electronic device used for amplification and switching. It is the solid-state analog to the triode electron tube; the transistor has replaced the electron tube for virtually all common applications.
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. In 1957 Noyce and several other engineers founded Fairchild Semiconductor, where in 1959 he developed the integrated circuitintegrated circuit
(IC), electronic circuit built on a semiconductor substrate, usually one of single-crystal silicon. The circuit, often called a chip, is packaged in a hermetically sealed case or a nonhermetic plastic capsule, with leads extending from it for input, output,
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 (a feat duplicated independently a few months earlier by Jack KilbyKilby, Jack St. Clair,
1923–2005, American electrical engineer, b. Jefferson City, Mo., B.S. Univ. of Illinois, 1947, M.S. Univ. of Wisconsin, 1950. In 1958, Kilby began working for Texas Instruments (TI), which he had joined in order to devote himself to developing
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). In 1968 he and Fairchild colleague Gordon MooreMoore, Gordon Earle,
1929– American engineer, inventor, and entrepreneur, b. San Francisco, Ph.D. California Institute of Technology, 1954. He joined (1956) Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory, where he worked with William Shockley, the co-inventor of the transistor.
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 were among the cofounders of Intel Corp.; Noyce became president and chief executive officer. There he was instrumental in the development of the first microprocessormicroprocessor,
integrated circuit containing the arithmetic, logic, and control circuitry required to interpret and execute instructions from a computer program. When combined with other integrated circuits that provide storage for data and programs, often on a single
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 (1971) and various computer chips. Noyce was one of Silicon Valley's earliest multimillionaires.

Bibliography

See L. Berlin, The Man behind the Microchip (2005).

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References in periodicals archive ?
The National Science Foundation has awarded $1.2 million to researchers at Vanderbilt University's Peabody College of education and human development who, in partnership with Fisk University, will establish a second Robert Noyce Teacher Scholarship Program, according to a Vanderbilt research news article.
The credit for their invention goes to Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments, and Robert Noyce, who co-founded Fairchild Semiconductor and later Intel in Mountain View, California.
The fellowship was created through a $2 million gift to the university from Ann Bowers, widow of Robert Noyce, nicknamed "the Mayor of Silicon Valley" and co-founder of Fairchild Semiconductor and Intel Corporation.
Cowperthwaite is a Robert Noyce Teaching scholar and a Golden Apple Scholar.
Back in August of 1968 when Gordon Moore and Robert Noyce quit Fairchild Electronics, where they were co-founders, to start their own electronics company.
1961 - American Robert Noyce patents the integrated circuit.
He referred to the material as "semi-conducting" or as a "semi-conductor." Years later he claimed that he, instead of Silicon Valley luminaries like Robert Noyce, invented and patented the semiconductor -- a very different complex device.
The integrated circuit would eventually be made commercially viable by Robert Noyce at Fairchild, who based his design on silicon.
Robert Noyce, the inventor of the silicon chip, once stated, "If ethics are poor at the top, that behavior is copied down through the organization."
192), to Robert Noyce's background as a son and grandson of Congregationalist ministers, a denomination he describes as being characterized by "the rejection of hierarchy and all its trappings" (p.