Robert Peel


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Peel, Robert

 

Born Feb. 5, 1788, in Bury, Lancashire; died July 2, 1850, in London. British statesman.

In 1809, Peel was elected to Parliament as a member of the Tory Party. From 1812 to 1818 he was chief secretary for Ireland and was a proponent of repression of those involved in the peasant disturbances. From 1822 to 1827 and from 1828 to 1830 he was home secretary. Peel headed the group of so-called moderate Tories, who advocated certain economic concessions to the commercial and industrial bourgeoisie while maintaining the political supremacy of the big landowners and financiers. In April 1829, under pressure from the growing national liberation movement in Ireland, he carried through a bill for the emancipation of Catholics, which gave Catholics the right to vote.

Peel was prime minister from 1834 to 1835 and from 1841 to 1846. In 1844 he put through an act establishing a firm rate of exchange between bullion and paper currency. Implementing the program of the free traders, in June 1846 he carried through the repeal of the corn laws, which was in the interest of the industrial bourgeoisie and which resulted in reduced tariffs on imports of many foodstuffs and raw materials. His measures provoked the sharp dissatisfaction of the protectionist Tories and led to a split in the Tory Party. Partisans of Peel (Peelites) joined the Whig Party, which was transformed in the mid-19th century and given the name Liberal Party.

REFERENCES

Sir Robert Peel: From His Private Papers, vols. 1–3. Edited by C. S. Parker. New York, 1970.
Gash, N. Politics in the Age of Peel. New York, 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
How fascinating therefore to read Richard Walker's account of Sir Robert Peel's career as champion of the visual arts, published in the July 1950 issue of Apollo.
Examples of analysis include comparisons of the goals and political realities of Daniel O'Connell and Robert Peel, whether Michael Collins did more to divide or to unite Ireland, and the demographic effects of the potato famine.
But the painting's owner in the 1800s, London police pioneer Sir Robert Peel, asked for it to be changed so it could be distinguished from the original.
Sir Robert Peel, whom Gatrell finds particularly objectionable, did respond to heart-rending pleas with a cold efficiency, but Peel was also utterly committed to the disinterested pursuit of justice.
When the Tory Sir Robert Peel became prime minister, O'Connell resumed his agitations for an independent Ireland.
As a mark of respect for the previous use of the building it has been named Sir Robert Peel Court after the father of modern British policing.
1788: Sir Robert Peel, who as Home Secretary formed the Metropolitan Police and later became Prime Minister, was born in Lancashire.
The burglary took place at Tamworth's Sir Robert Peel Hospital at around 9.20pm, when the main entrance was locked, but the minor injuries unit still open.
He insisted he was "confident" Mrs May would deliver the Brexit she had promised, but warned the PM that backsliding could result in splitting the party like Sir Robert Peel, who plunged it into the political wilderness for nearly three decades following bitter divisions over trade reforms.
BORN ROBERT Peel, Prime Minister, 1788 SVEN-Goran Eriksson, football boss, 1948, above NIGEL Olsson, rock drummer, 1949 DIED DOUG McClure, US actor, 1995, above THOMAS Carlyle, historian, 1881 SAM Coppola, American actor, 2012