Rogers, Robert

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Rogers, Robert,

1731–95, American frontiersman, b. Methuen, Mass. As a child he moved with his family to the New Hampshire frontier. In King George's War (1744–48) he served briefly as a scout. In the last of the French and Indian WarsFrench and Indian Wars,
1689–1763, the name given by American historians to the North American colonial wars between Great Britain and France in the late 17th and the 18th cent.
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 he was appointed (1758) major in command of all rangers. Rogers led (1759) his men in a daring expedition that resulted in the destruction of the Native Americans of the Saint Francis branch of the AbnakiAbnaki
or Abenaki
, Native North Americans of the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). The name Abnaki was given to them by the French; properly it should be Wabanaki,
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. In 1760 he was sent to receive the submission of the French posts on the Great Lakes, and in 1763 he served on the expedition to defend Fort Detroit, which was threatened by Pontiac's RebellionPontiac's Rebellion,
 Pontiac's Conspiracy,
or Pontiac's War,
1763–66, Native American uprising against the British just after the close of the French and Indian Wars, so called after one of its leaders, Pontiac.
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.

His many exploits made him a popular hero, but his participation in illicit trade with the Native Americans brought him into official disgrace. He went (1765) to England to obtain pay for his service. There he was much feted, and his Journals and A Concise Account of North America were published in 1765. He also wrote a crude play, Ponteach (1766), important primarily as an early American drama.

Successful in securing an appointment as commander of the post at MackinacMackinac
, historic region of the Old Northwest (see Northwest Territory), a shortening of Michilimackinac. The name, in the past, was variously applied to different areas: to Mackinac Island; to Michigan; to the whole fur-trading region supplied from the island; to the northern
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, he returned to the Northwest. His career there has been the subject of much speculation and discussion. Rogers, who was ambitious to find the Northwest PassageNorthwest Passage,
water routes through the Arctic Archipelago, N Canada, and along the northern coast of Alaska between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. Even though the explorers of the 16th cent.
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, sent out the mysterious expedition of Jonathan CarverCarver, Jonathan,
1710–80, American explorer, b. Weymouth, Mass. He served in the French and Indian War and in 1766 was hired by Robert Rogers to undertake a journey to some of the Western tribes.
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 to the Northwest, quarreled with his associates, was accused of plotting to set up an independent state, and was arrested on charges of treasonable dealings with the French. Brought to Montreal in chains and court-martialed, he was acquitted of all charges.

In 1769 he went to England, but he returned in 1775 to America and played such an equivocal role at the beginning of the American Revolution that he was imprisoned as a Loyalist spy. He escaped and openly joined the Loyalists, but his record in the war was anything but distinguished. In 1780 he returned to England, dying there in 1795 in obscurity.

Bibliography

See his play, Ponteach, ed. with a biographical account by A. Nevins (1914, repr. 1973); his journals, ed. by F. B. Hough (1883, repr. 1966); biography by J. R. Cuneo (1959).

Rogers, Robert

(1731–95) frontiersman, soldier; born in Metheun, Mass. He led colonial troops during the French and Indian War. "Roger's Rangers" fought the French and Indians successfully in the wilderness. He fought on the Loyalist side during the American Revolution.
References in periodicals archive ?
TENNESSEE--Beverly Atwood, Michael Howse, Kema Kelso, Albert Medina, Leah Miller, Robert Rogers, Katie Wingate, Jasmine Wynder
Caption: 1 Molly and Nate Johnson 2 Donna Jablo, Sumner Baum 3 Andi Munzer, Bunny Skirboll 4 Lowell Lakritz, Linda Joffe, Robert Rogers, Lee Randall 5 Michele Lipman, John Kampmann 6 Danielle Dupont
Caption: Major Robert Rogers infiltrating Canada during the Seven Years War.
& Handtmann Canada Limited and Robert Rogers, senior advisor food safety and regulation, METTLER-TOLEDO Product Inspection.
She struck head-on a gray Mercury Mariner driven by Robert Rogers of Carbondale.
Robert Rogers wrote on Twitter: "If anybody has any contact with Sean Cox's family or friends, i have accommodation above 12th man [formerly the Salisbury on Walton Breck Road] if they need anywhere to stay while in Liverpool, free of charge, as long as needed."
GONE Bastien Hery is sent off by referee Robert Rogers
How to Read the Universe: A Little Book About Everything by James Robert Rogers. $29.99.
Robert Rogers. "It really angered me to see someone disrespect a place of worship."
It's risky to operate an illegal gambling operation, like the one Robert Rogers of Rogers has admitted to, in part because you might have a client whose clumsy money management brings the feds to your doorstep.
Professor Robert Rogers, of Bangor University's School of Psychology, said: "It is unusual to be able to sit down with footballers affected by these problems and learn how their gambling problems developed, their experiences and the impact their gambling had on their careers and family lives.
Dollar value of furs in Detroit warehouses when the French surrendered the city to British Major Robert Rogers in 1760