Robert Woodworth

Woodworth, Robert


Born Aug. 17, 1869, near Boston; died July 4, 1962, in New York. American psychologist and one of the founders of functional psychology in the USA. Professor at Columbia University from 1909 to 1942.

At the beginning of the 20th century Woodworth was one of the first to establish that thinking is not exclusively the association of sense images but, rather, has its own nonsensory content. Subsequently he introduced a concept that he called dynamic psychology, whose main tasks he considered to be the study of why and how various forms of mental activity originate and are realized. Rejecting the basic “stimulus-response” framework of behaviorism, Wood-worth proposed to include in it an intermediate link—the organism and its situation sets. He developed a doctrine of motivation and its role in the processes of motor and intellectual activity. In the dynamics of behavior Woodworth distinguished two basic components—drives and mechanisms. This distinction has become firmly established in present-day psychology.


Dynamic Psychology. New York, 1918.
Dynamics of Behavior. New York, 1958.
Contemporary Schools of Psychology. London, 1964.
In Russian translation:
Eksperimental’naia psikhologiia. Moscow, 1950.


Iaroshevskii, M. G. Istoriia psikhologii. Moscow, 1966. Chapter 12.
Fraisse, P., and J. Piaget [comp.]. Eksperimental’naia psikhologiia: Sb. st., part 1. Moscow, 1966. Chapter 1. (Translated from French.)


References in periodicals archive ?
The eldest athlete on the run was Robert Woodworth, 79, of Marsh, who took part with his son Robert Woodworth Jnr, from Meltham.
Matt Kraner, general manager, landed at the Cleveland Plain Dealer, thanks to his former boss at the Post, Robert Woodworth.
Robert Woodworth, president and chief executive of Pulitzer, wouldn't comment on the report Friday evening.
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Bob has taken part in the past with son Robert Woodworth and older grandsons Alex, 13, and Luke, nine.
He got that job through his former boss, Robert Woodworth, who had been president of Pulitzer.
According to Connor's account in the lawsuit, Connor won the top Star-Telegram job over Robert Woodworth, who at the time was the paper's president, and Wesley Turner, then an advertising executive.
CEO Robert Woodworth, who engineered the sale to Lee, gets an $8.
Robert Woodworth, Pulitzer's president and CEO, has gotten more than $25 million in stock since he came in 1999, and could leave with twice that amount, thanks to provisions in his employment contract: After shepherding the sell-out to Lee, it seems Woodworth can't afford to stay.
Pulitzer is seeing the same war-related caution being expressed by its advertisers that other media companies have commented on," Robert Woodworth, the company's president and chief executive said.