Robert of Jumièges


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Robert of Jumièges

(zhümyĕzh`), fl. 1037–52, Norman churchman in England, b. Normandy. As abbot of Jumièges he won the favor of Edward (later Edward the ConfessorEdward the Confessor,
d. 1066, king of the English (1042–66), son of Æthelred the Unready and his Norman wife, Emma. After the Danish conquest (1013–16) of England, Edward grew up at the Norman court, although his mother returned to England and married the
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) during Edward's exile in Normandy. He went (1043) to England with the king and received the bishopric of London (1044), becoming archbishop of Canterbury in 1051. A leader of the Norman party of the king, Robert opposed the powerful Earl GodwinGodwin
or Godwine
, d. 1053, earl of Wessex. He became chief adviser to King Canute, was created (c.1018) an earl, and was given great wealth and lands. After Canute's death (1035) Godwin and Queen Emma, Canute's widow, supported the claims to succession of her son
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 and helped send him into exile in 1051. Upon Godwin's return Robert fled to France, was later outlawed by the hostile English, and never succeeded in returning to his see, despite the support of the pope.
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