Robinson-Patman Act


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Robinson-Patman Act,

passed by the U.S. Congress in 1936 to supplement the Clayton Antitrust ActClayton Antitrust Act,
1914, passed by the U.S. Congress as an amendment to clarify and supplement the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890. It was drafted by Henry De Lamar Clayton.
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. The act, advanced by Congressman Wright Patman, forbade any person or firm engaged in interstate commerce to discriminate in price to different purchasers of the same commodity when the effect would be to lessen competition or to create a monopoly. Sometimes called the Anti-Chain-Store Act, this act was directed at protecting the independent retailer from chain-store competition, but it was also strongly supported by wholesalers eager to prevent large chain stores from buying directly from the manufacturers for lower prices.

Bibliography

See studies by D. J. Baum (1964) and R. Posner (1986).

References in periodicals archive ?
Prohibition of predatory price discrimination, the second type of harm addressed by the Robinson-Patman Act, aims at 'protection of competition itself.
The Robinson-Patman Act (RPA) is chiefly concerned with discriminatory pricing and terms.
In PG's January 1937 issue, the editors incisively noted: "The outstanding happening of 1936 was the passing of the Robinson-Patman act.
The Robinson-Patman Act contains a cost justification defense.
discrimination appear more applicable, the Robinson-Patman Act neither
Following The Antitrust Paradox, the Robinson-Patman Act has shriveled as law.
The importance of the Robinson-Patman act for marketing.
5) In discussing the RPA, however, the Court has long noted that it has a "prophylactic purpose" (6) and that "in enacting the Robinson-Patman Act, Congress was especially concerned with protecting small businesses.
The Robinson-Patman Act, (12) for example, is intended explicitly to deter some forms of price discrimination.
The Robinson-Patman Act was adopted in 1936 to amend and strengthen section 2 of the Clayton Act.
If so, do you know whether your pricing constitutes "price discrimination" in violation of the federal Robinson-Patman Act, or Utah's Unfair Practices Act?