Rockefeller, Nelson Aldrich

Rockefeller, Nelson Aldrich,

1908–79, U.S. public official, governor of New York (1959–73), Vice President of the United States (1974–77), b. Bar Harbor, Maine; grandson of John D. RockefellerRockefeller, John Davison,
1839–1937, American industrialist and philanthropist, b. Richford, N.Y. He moved (1853) with his family to a farm near Cleveland and at age 16 went to work as a bookkeeper.
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. A director of Rockefeller Center from 1931 to 1958, he also served in many government posts, including coordinator of the Office of Inter-American Affairs (1940–44), chairman of the International Development Advisory Board (1950–51), and chairman of the President's Advisory Committee on Government Organization (1952–58). A Republican, he defeated (1958) W. Averell HarrimanHarriman, William Averell
, 1891–1986, American public official; son of E. H. Harriman. Expanding his railroad inheritance, W. Averell Harriman became a banker and shipbuilder and later (1932) board chairman of the Union Pacific.
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 for the governorship of New York, and was reelected in 1962, 1966, and 1970. As governor he expanded state services in such areas as education, transportation, housing, welfare, and environmental control. He unsuccessfully campaigned for the Republican presidential nomination in 1960, 1964, and 1968. In Dec., 1973, he resigned from the governorship to serve as chairman of the National Commission on Critical Choices for America. In 1974 President FordFord, Gerald Rudolph,
1913–2006, 38th president of the United States (1974–77), b. Omaha, Nebr. He was originally named Leslie Lynch King, Jr., but his parents were divorced when he was two, and when his mother remarried he assumed the name of his stepfather.
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 nominated him for the vice presidency under the terms of the Twenty-fifth Amendment. Despite some criticism of the political uses to which he had put his vast wealth, he was confirmed by Congress. Rockefeller wrote The Future of Federalism (1968), Unity, Freedom and Peace (1968), and Our Environment Can Be Saved (1970).

Bibliography

See biographies by C. Reich (1996) and R. N. Smith (2014).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rockefeller, Nelson Aldrich

 

Born July 8, 1908, in Bar Harbor, Me.; died Jan. 26, 1979, in New York. US politician and government figure. Republican.

Rockefeller’s father, John D. Rockefeller, Jr., was the son of the founder of the Rockefeller dynasty of financial magnates. A graduate of Dartmouth College, Nelson Rockefeller was active in the family’s oil companies and banks in the 1930’s and 1940’s. He held a number of responsible government posts, including several in US foreign policy. From 1940 to 1944 he was coordinator of inter-American affairs; in 1944–45, assistant secretary of state for American republic affairs; in 1951–52, chairman of the International Development Advisory Board; and in 1954–55, special assistant to President Eisenhower on foreign policy.

From 1959 to 1973, Rockefeller was governor of New York State. In the USA he was considered a member of the moderate liberal wing of the Republican Party. From December 1974 to January 1977 he was vice-president of the USA.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.