Rocket Artillery


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Rocket Artillery

 

a branch of artillery that uses rocket shells that are delivered to the target by the thrust of a rocket engine. Rocket artillery is designed to carry on volley fire for the purpose of destroying enemy manpower, fire means, and defensive structures.

Rocket artillery was first created in the USSR in the late 1930’s. Rocket artillery units armed with the BM-13 and BM-8 rocket systems (unofficially known as Katiushas) were included in the artillery reserve of the Supreme Command and were called guards mortar units. By early 1945 the Red Army had more than 500 rocket artillery battalions. During World War II, rocket artillery was used in the fascist German Army (five-, six-, and ten-barrel mortars) and the US Army (114.3-mm and 182mm rocket systems).

After the war, rocket artillery became widely used in many armies. In the early 1950’s the Soviet Army adopted new rocket systems, including the BM-14 (16 barrels), the BM-14–17 (17 barrels), the BM-24 and BM-24T (12 barrels), and the BMD-20. In present-day rocket artillery, rocket shells with fragmentation-high explosive, shaped-charge, smoke, and other kinds of warheads are used. The number of barrels ranges from ten to 45. The maximum firing range is 15–20 km.

References in periodicals archive ?
Global Artillery Systems Market Report: Information by Type (Mortar, Howitzer, & Rocket Artillery), Component (Gun Turret, Fire Control System, Ammunition Handling System, & Auxiliary System), Range (Short, Medium, & Long), & Region-Forecast till 2023
The KCNA announcement did not say if the weapons were ballistic missiles or rocket artillery but did say they would provide "advantageous tactical character different from existing weapons systems." According to Kim Dong-yub, who is an analyst at Seoul's Institute for Far Eastern Studies, the flight data and photos from North Korea indicate that Sunday's launches are different than the short-range ballistic missiles of other recent tests.
Kim Dong-yup, a former naval officer who teaches at Seoul's Kyungnam University, said the weapons tested on Saturday could be related to the completion of North Korea's new rocket artillery system that required multiple launches of the same kind.
The North last week conducted two test-firings of what it described as a new rocket artillery system and conducted a short-range ballistic missile launch on July 25, which it described as a "solemn warning" to South Korea over its plans to continue military drills with the US.
North Korea has said Kim supervised the first test of the same rocket artillery system on Wednesday.
An official from the JCS, who did not want to be named, citing office rules, told The Associated Press news agency that more analysis would be required to determine whether the projectiles were ballistic missiles or rocket artillery.
An official from the JCS, who didn't want to be named, citing office rules, said more analysis would be required to determine whether the projectiles were ballistic missiles or rocket artillery.
The artillerymen of the Combined Arms Army of Azerbaijan's Nakhchivan demonstrated high professionalism in the competition held for the title of the "Best rocket artillery battalion" of the Azerbaijani Army,Trendreports referring to the Ministry of Defense of the country.
The Katyusha multiple rocket launcher is an inexpensive type of rocket artillery that can deliver explosives to a target quicker than conventional artillery, but is less accurate.
The launch comes as the US special representative for North Korea, Stephen Biegun, visits South Korea, and hours after the North described its firing of rocket artillery and an apparent short-range ballistic missile on Saturday as a regular and defensive military exercise.
He is considered a pioneer in the use of rocket artillery.
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