Rockwell Kent


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Kent, Rockwell

 

Born June 21, 1882, in Tarrytown Heights, N. Y.; died Mar. 13, 1971, in Plattsburgh, N. Y. American artist, writer, and public figure.

Kent studied painting under R. Henri. He worked as a fisherman and carpenter and traveled extensively. He lived in the northern United States, Newfoundland, and Greenland. Developing the traditions of American realist art, Kent executed numerous paintings, drawings, engravings, and lithographs that vividly represented the severe terrain of the northern countries and the life of common people—toilers and fighters (for example, (Toilers of the Sea, 1907, museum in New Britain; Spring Fever, 1908, Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow). He also made antifascist posters and cartoons. Kent illustrated his own works and those by Western European, Russian, and other American authors. His work is marked by the courageous spirituality of the figures, precise, bold lines, and a sonorous palette. In 1960, Kent gave more than 900 of his works to the Soviet people as a gift.

Kent made his literary debut in 1920, with the publication of Wilderness (Russian translation, 1965), a book about Alaska. In the books N By E (1930; Russian translation, 1962), Salamina (1935; Russian translation, 1962), and Greenland Diary (1962; Russian translation, 1969), which together constitute a unique saga about Greenland, he vividly depicted the life and work of the Eskimo and provided fascinating descriptions of the North. Kent’s autobiographical works This Is My Own (1940) and It’s Me O Lord (1955; Russian translation, 1965) reveal a broad panorama of the social life of the USA from the late 19th to the mid-20th century. His book Of Men and Mountains (1959) is primarily devoted to impressions from his journey throughout the USSR in 1958.

A courageous fighter for peace and democracy, Kent spoke out against the menace of fascism as early as the 1930’s. He participated in the first World Congress of the Partisans of Peace (Paris and Prague, 1949) and was one of the sponsors and authors of the historic Stockholm Peace Appeal (March 1950). He was also a delegate to the World Congress on General Disarmament and Peace (Moscow, July 1962). In 1955, Kent became a member of the World Peace Council; and in 1957, the chairman of the National Council on Soviet-American Friendship. In 1962 he was made an honorary member of the Academy of Arts of the USSR. In 1967, Kent was awarded the International Lenin Prize for Strengthening Peace Between Nations.

REFERENCES

[Chegodaev, A. D.] Rokuell Kent: Zhivopis’, Grafika, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1964.
Chegodaev, A. D. “Pero i kist’ Rokuella Kenta.” Literaturnaia gazeta. Mar. 24, 1971.

K. P. KUDROV

References in periodicals archive ?
A classic Rockwell Kent situation befell the family when Kent decided in 1914 to expatriate and paint in Newfoundland.
10 at the Portland Museum of Art and features 75 prints by artists such as Rockwell Kent, Fairfield Porter, Robert Indiana, and William and Marguerite Zorach.
A visit in the summer of 1995 to the museum brought to my mind the stunning power of Norman Rockwell's semi-namesake and fellow illustrator, Rockwell Kent, best known for his illustrations of Herman Melville's Moby Dick, the 19th-century whaling saga set in the polar seas.
Of the order's leaders, only Rockwell Kent testified under oath that he was not a communist (adding sarcastically that, however, he had read that Franklin Roosevelt and Shirley Temple were Reds).
Obituaries have made much of the extraordinary array of clients he represented: Paul Robeson and Rockwell Kent, Benjamin Spock and Daniel Ellsberg, Julian Bond and Jimmy Hoffa, the governments of Chile under Allende and of Cuba; the list goes on and on.
Leyendecker, Maxfield Parrish, Rockwell Kent, Al Hirschfeld, Robert Weaver, and others.
The floral interpreters will create works inspired by the museum's current exhibition, "Frank Gohlke: A Photographic Essay of the Sudbury River," which includes large-format four-season photographs, along with the museum's permanent collection, which includes work by Sargent, Hassam, Rockwell Kent, Vuillard, Dufy and work by the museum's founder, American Impressionist painter Eleanor Norcross.
5") catalog presents the art of American modernist painter Rockwell Kent.
Pei, the museum features work by John Singer Sargent, Rockwell Kent, Marsden Hartley and Andrew Wyeth.
Constance Martin's Distant Shores: The Odyssey of Rockwell Kent is a fine addition to the growing critical literature on the art and life of Rockwell Kent (1882- 1971), the American artist and illustrator who gave us some of the 20th century's most enduring images of the seas, lands, and people of the far North.
Rockwell Kent had a secure childhood in Tarrytown, near New York City, and his family was interested in the arts.
AINA Research Associate Constance Martin, curator for a retrospective exhibition entitled Distant Shores: The Odyssey of Rockwell Kent and author of the accompanying book of the same title, will travel to Alaska to participate in the opening at the Anchorage Museum of History and Art on June 17, 2001.