Rocky Mountain goat


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Rocky Mountain goat,

hoofed ruminant mammal, Oreamnos americanus, found in the high mountains of S Alaska, W Canada, and the extreme NW United States. Although it is not a true goat it belongs to the same family (cattlecattle,
name for the ruminant mammals of the genus Bos, and particularly those of the domesticated species, Bos taurus and B. indica. The term oxen, broadly used, refers also to closely related animals, such as the buffalo and the bison.
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 family) and is goatlike in appearance, with a bearded chin, long face, and sharp, black horns 9 to 12 in. (22–30 cm) long, curved slightly backward. The head is large and the neck short. The coat is long, thick, and pure white. The male is about 3 ft (90 cm) high at the massively humped shoulder and weighs up to 200 lb (90 kg). Rocky Mountain goats live in small herds on steep mountain sides and cliffs, feeding on the stunted vegetation above the timberline. They are extremely sure-footed and nimbly traverse precipitous slopes and ledges. Related to the Old World chamoischamois
, hollow-horned, hoofed mammal, Rupicapra rupicapra, found in the mountains of Europe and the E Mediterranean. It is about the size of a large goat and is light brown with a black tail, a black back stripe, and black markings on its face.
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, the Rocky Mountain goat is classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Bovidae.

Rocky Mountain Goat

 

(Oreamnos americanus), an artiodactyl of the family Bovidae. The body length is approximately 150 cm, and the tail length is 15–20 cm. The animal weighs 75–140 kg. Its white coat is thick and long. The body structure is similar to that of a domestic goat. Males and females have horns measuring 20–30 cm long and rounded in cross section.

The Rocky Mountain goat is distributed in western North America. A typical mountain animal, it inhabits remote mountain crags above the timberline. The animal feeds on grasses and lichens and lives in small groups. Mating occurs in November and December, and the female produces one and, sometimes, two kids in May or June. Rarely found today, the Rocky Mountain goat has become a protected species.

REFERENCE

Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 6. Moscow, 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
Some guide territories in the south have Rocky Mountain goats, but southern Yukon is pretty much the northern limit of their range.
A century ago the Rocky Mountain goat was considered a greater prize than the then more plentiful bighorn sheep.
If you can draw a tag for bighorn, desert bighorn, or Rocky Mountain goat anywhere in the Lower 48, then you have millions of acres of public land available to you.
Information indicates that Rocky Mountain goats lived on Mount Jefferson, and the region appears to be a good fit for the species today, according to the ODFW.
Seven world records are announced in this edition: grizzly bear, Roosevelt's elk, tule elk, nontypical Coues whitetail, mountain caribou, barren ground caribou and Rocky Mountain goat.
Today is the last day to enter the drawings for Oregon's limited-entry deer, elk, black bear, pronghorn antelope, bighorn sheep and Rocky Mountain goat hunts.
Raffle tickets offered include hard-to-get tags for bighorn sheep, Rocky mountain goat and pronghorn, in addition to unique deer- and elk-hunting opportunities.
Once in late October on a Rocky Mountain goat hunt, my partner and I weren't the only ones forced out of the high country by three feet of snow that fell overnight.
A total of 134,746 tags were drawn, including: 67,263 buck deer tags, 51,777 elk tags, 12,589 antlerless deer tags, 3,029 pronghorn tags, 82 bighorn sheep tags and 6 Rocky Mountain goat tags.
Of the combined monies raised, $306,403 will go to the Access and Habitat Program to fund wildlife habitat and hunter access improvement projects in the state, and $236,153 will fund the research and management of bighorn sheep, pronghorn antelope and Rocky Mountain goat in Oregon.
To be raffled off in 2006 are several special tags with extended seasons, including: statewide combination deer and elk, statewide deer, statewide elk, northeast Oregon deer, southeast Oregon deer, central Oregon deer, northeast Oregon elk, central/southeast Oregon elk, western Oregon elk, bighorn sheep, Rocky Mountain goat, and pronghorn.
A total of 131,954 controlled tags for fall deer, elk, pronghorn, bighorn sheep and Rocky Mountain goats were approved by the ODFW Commission last week at a meeting in Tigard.

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