Roe v. Wade


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Related to Roe v. Wade: Brown v. Board of Education

Roe v. Wade,

case decided in 1973 by the U.S. Supreme Court. Along with Doe v. Bolton, this decision legalized abortionabortion,
expulsion of the products of conception before the embryo or fetus is viable. Any interruption of human pregnancy prior to the 28th week is known as abortion. The term spontaneous abortion, or miscarriage, is used to signify delivery of a nonviable embryo or fetus due
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 in the first trimester of pregnancy. The decision, written by Justice Harry Blackmun and based on the residual right of privacy, struck down dozens of state antiabortion statutes. The decision was based on two cases, that of an unmarried woman from Texas, where abortion was illegal unless the mother's life was at risk, and that of a poor, married mother of three from Georgia, where state law required permission for an abortion from a panel of doctors and hospital officials. While establishing the right to an abortion, this decision gave states the right to intervene in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy to protect the woman and the "potential" life of the unborn child. Denounced by the National Council of Bishops, the decision gave rise to a vocal antiabortion movement that put pressure on the courts and created an anti-Roe litmus test for the judicial appointments of the Reagan and Bush administrations (1981–93). In a 1989 case, Webster v. Reproductive Health Services, the court, while not striking down Roe, limited its scope, permitting states greater latitude in regulating and restricting abortions. Then in 1992, in Planned Parenthood v. Casey, the court reaffirmed the abortion rights granted in Roe v. Wade, while permitting further restrictions.

Bibliography

See N. McCorvey with A. Meisler, I Am Roe (1994); N. E. H. Hull and P. C. Hoffer, Roe v. Wade: The Abortion Rights Controversy in American History (2001, rev. ed. 2010).

References in periodicals archive ?
The heyday of liberal activism was the Warren Court era of the '50s and '60s and the early Burger Court period of the '70s, which has left a legacy (including Roe v. Wade) that rankles conservatives to this day.
The 1973 decisions by the Supreme Court in Roe v. Wade and Doe v.
Falwell added: "In the '70s, I don't know how many states had abortion illegal before Roe v. Wade, but it won't be near as many this time."
Headline: "About seven-in-ten Americans oppose overturning Roe v. Wade." The question asked of respondents, we are told, was "Would you like to see the Supreme Court completely overturn its Roe versus Wade decision, or not?"
Planned Parenthood worries that Roe v. Wade (1973) could be overturned in the United States.
While he may not actively work to overturn Roe v. Wade, I do know he will work to balance the judicial branch away from its wacky liberal extreme to one that values life and encourages others to do so.
We passed a law codifying the holding of Roe v. Wade.
january 22, 2003, marked the thirtieth anniversary of Roe v. Wade, the U.S.
"There's a very real possibility that Roe v. Wade will be overturned in the next few years.
US abortion rights activists had already vowed to go to court to block enforcement of the Alabama measure, the strictest anti-abortion law yet enacted with the intention of provoking reconsideration of the 1973 Roe v. Wade ruling.