Roe v. Wade

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Roe v. Wade,

case decided in 1973 by the U.S. Supreme Court. Along with Doe v. Bolton, this decision legalized abortionabortion,
expulsion of the products of conception before the embryo or fetus is viable. Any interruption of human pregnancy prior to the 28th week is known as abortion. The term spontaneous abortion, or miscarriage, is used to signify delivery of a nonviable embryo or fetus due
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 in the first trimester of pregnancy. The decision, written by Justice Harry Blackmun and based on the residual right of privacy, struck down dozens of state antiabortion statutes. The decision was based on two cases, that of an unmarried woman from Texas, where abortion was illegal unless the mother's life was at risk, and that of a poor, married mother of three from Georgia, where state law required permission for an abortion from a panel of doctors and hospital officials. While establishing the right to an abortion, this decision gave states the right to intervene in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy to protect the woman and the "potential" life of the unborn child. Denounced by the National Council of Bishops, the decision gave rise to a vocal antiabortion movement that put pressure on the courts and created an anti-Roe litmus test for the judicial appointments of the Reagan and Bush administrations (1981–93). In a 1989 case, Webster v. Reproductive Health Services, the court, while not striking down Roe, limited its scope, permitting states greater latitude in regulating and restricting abortions. Then in 1992, in Planned Parenthood v. Casey, the court reaffirmed the abortion rights granted in Roe v. Wade, while permitting further restrictions.

Bibliography

See N. McCorvey with A. Meisler, I Am Roe (1994); N. E. H. Hull and P. C. Hoffer, Roe v. Wade: The Abortion Rights Controversy in American History (2001, rev. ed. 2010).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Legislation in some of those states was advanced, in part, to challenge the Roe v. Wade.
The highest US court, now with a majority of conservative justices after Republican President Donald Trump appointed two, could possibly overturn Roe v. Wade. That decision held that the due process clause of the 14th Amendment provides a fundamental right to privacy that protects a woman's right to abortion.
With President Trump's appointment of conservative justices Neil Gorsuch and Brett Kavanaugh to the high court, and the possibility he may make other appointments if one or more of the aging, liberal justices die, concerns are growing among abortion supporters that the Supreme Court may weaken or overturn Roe v. Wade.
Polls taken over time show that most Americans do not want the Supreme Court to overturn Roe v. Wade. There are deep partisan divisions.
Wade verdict, which protects a woman's right to abortion, pro-life groups might have a chance to outlaw abortion if the Supreme Court ever decides to overturn the landmark decision in a new ruling. President-elect Donald Trump opened the floodgates to the fight over abortion in a CBS "60 Minutes" interview Sunday when he said he would elect "pro-life" judges to the Supreme Court that could potentially undo Roe v. Wade. Trump said that if the ruling was overturned, the issue of abortion would go to the states.
Even if we assume, however, that Judge Bork, in his Supreme Court nomination hearings, had not "so abased himself that he would present no threat to the ruling establishment" (as Tom Fleming wrote in the November 1987 issue of Chronicles), the fact remains that Turnock presented a far better opportunity to try to forge a majority on the Court to overturn Roe v. Wade. The Bush administration killed Turnock to buy time to get a supporter of Roe on the Court; had the administration thought Casey would really lead to the overturning of Roe v.
Laurie Collier Hillstrom, ROE V. WADE. Detroit, MI: Omnigraphics, 2008.
WE MUST ACT IMMEDIATELY!!!" screams the flier produced by the National Right to Life Committee, formed in 1973 to overturn Roe v. Wade.
In this year's presidential election we should ask candidates where they stand on the issue of Roe v. Wade. One reason why the answer is important is because of the connection between reproductive rights and gender equality.
The court had flinched from overturning Roe v. Wade. Pro-choicers held the White House and Congress.
Bauer continued, "As of today, not one friend, associate, co-worker or White House official is able to produce one sentence she has written or spoken in criticism of Roe v. Wade. Her apparent silence is troubling--at least to me.