Roger Ascham

Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Roger Ascham
BirthplaceKirby Wiske, Yorkshire
scholar, didactic writer

Ascham, Roger

(ăs`kəm), 1515–68, English humanist and scholar, b. Yorkshire. Ascham was a major intellectual figure of the early Tudor period. His Toxophilus (1545), an essay on archery, proved him a master of English prose; in it he urged the importance of physical recreation for students and scholars. The essay won him the favor of Henry VIII, and Ascham became tutor (1548–50) to Princess Elizabeth. He seems to have been largely responsible for her love of the classics and her proficiency in Greek. As a member of a diplomatic mission Ascham spent several years on the Continent, in contact with other scholars, and in 1553 was appointed Latin secretary to Queen Mary. He continued as secretary and private tutor to Elizabeth I after Mary's death. The Scholemaster (1570), his treatise on the teaching of Latin, urged the use of the double translation method. Dr. Johnson's life of Ascham (1761), included in many editions of Ascham's collected works, is a classic.


See W. F. Phelps, Roger Ascham and John Sturm (1879); study by L. V. Ryan (1963).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to Cambridge scholars, from Roger Ascham to Thomas Campion, a cornerstone of this reformation was the adaptation of Latin quantitative metres to English verse.
Both Stoker and Berry reference a letter written by one of Elizabeth's tutors - a Roger Ascham - who wrote to a Rector at the Protestant University in Strasbourg: "The constitution of her mind is exempt from female weakness, and she is endued with a masculine power of application."
Roger Ascham, to take one important Elizabethan pedagogue and writer featured in Redmond's fine analyses, warned of how "subtle and secret papists at home procured bawdy books to be translated out of the Italian tongue, whereby over many young will and wits, allured to wantonness, so now boldly contemn all severe books that sound to honesty and godliness" (Ascham quoted by Redmond 2009, 30).
This is the epigram from Roger Ascham's Toxophilus that Hooper included on the title page of Dog and Gun.
Though Porter points out that Katherine's 'advisers spanned the religious divide; all those she names as tutors to the royal children, beginning with Sir Richard Cox, were squarely behind the movement of religious reform in England, including not only Sir John Cheke and Roger Ascham of Cambridge but also Sir Anthony Cooke, whose reform-minded daughters Anne and Mildred went on to marry the two prime movers of the religious policy of Elizabeth I, Sir Nicholas Bacon (father of Sir Francis) and Sir William Cecil.
(39) It opens with a commendatory poem by Roger Ascham, 'Secretory to the Queenes majestie, for the latin tongue' (sig.
Teacher Chris Wilson, of Roger Ascham Primary, said: "I think it's genetic."
These are the long cabinets for holding members' bows and arrows named after the Tudor scholar, Roger Ascham, who wrote the first English handbook on archery.
This risk is the very sort that Cecil's contemporary and fellow courtier Roger Ascham had famously warned of in The Scholemaster (1570).
Libera, nell'Ottocento, da antiche istanze antilibertarie, politiche o religiose, Venezia e allo stesso tempo paese di asilo e terra di piacere, dove la came del povero Roger Ascham aveva trovato in un soggiorno di nove giorni pi tentazioni di quante ne avesse provate a Londra in ventisette anni e dove Coryate (il signor Tomaso Odcambiano, come si autodefiniva) confessa di avere, improbabilmente, cercato di studiare antropologicamente la professione della "Margarita Emiliana, bella cortesana." Il rosa e il nero restano i colori fascinosi di questa citta straordinaria ed accogliente: la leggenda nera, permeata di inquisizioni politiche e bigottismo e la leggenda rosa costruita sulla fatuita e sul cinismo che l'hanno resa per secoli meta di turisti spinti da curiosita incoffessabili.
Roger Ascham is cited as the first to boldly point the finger at Italy as the source of the vilification and corruption of English manhood and his relentless diatribe against all things Italian--dress, morals (or lack of them) and language certainly acted as a dynamo for the debate.