Roger Vailland


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Vailland, Roger

 

Born Oct. 16, 1907, in Acy-en-Multien, Oise Department; died May 12, 1965, near the city of Bourg-en-Bresse. French writer and public figure.

Vailland joined the French Communist Party in 1952. He published the surrealistic journal Grand jeu (1927). Vailland was a participant in and chronicler of the Resistance Movement (the novel Strange Game, 1945). After Vailland became disenchanted with modernism (the essay Surrealism Against the Revolution, 1948), he found in realism the possibilities for refined psychological analysis (the novel Blows to the Back, 1948), historical substantiation of the ideas and actions of a 20th-century man (the novel A Young Man Alone, 1951), pronouncing a verdict against the military (the play Colonel Foster Admits His Guilt, 1951; Russian translation, 1952), and expressing sympathy for millions of fellahin (the sketches What I Saw in Egypt, 1952; Russian translation, 1953). Vailland visited the USSR in 1953.

In the novel Beau Masque (1954; in Russian translation, Pierrette Amable, 1956), Vailland presented a penetrating examination of all the classes of French society and put proletarian solidarity and the human grandeur of his heroes in the foreground. According to Vailland the solitary pursuit of happiness is a trap for the worker (the novel 325,000 Francs, 1955). Having undergone a spiritual crisis and having lost his historical optimism, Vailland limited himself in his last works to a naturalistic anatomy of individual passions (the novels The Law, 1957 and The Holiday, 1960) and psychological incidents (the novel The Trout, 1964). But even during his last years Vailland protested against bourgeois obscurantism (the collection of essays The Cold Look, 1963).

WORKS

Ecrits intimes. Paris, 1968.
In Russian translation:
“325,000 frankov.” Zvezda, 1956, no. 7.

REFERENCES

Evnina, E. M. Sovremennyi frantsuzskii roman, 1940-1960. Moscow, 1962.
Biblio, 1959, no. 10. (Issue devoted to Vailland.)
F. N. “Roger Vailland.” France Nouvelle, 1965, May 19-25, no. 1022.
Brochier, J. J. R. Vailland. Paris, 1969.

V. P. BALASHOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Prefaced by a critical 'sprint' through the life and career of Roger Vailland, this excellent guide concentrates on the literary, social, and political aspects of two of his novels, namely Un jeune homme seal, a 'Resistance novel' with a difference, and 325 000 francs, a mid-twentieth-century satire of capitalism.
The first is that Roger Vailland was not a communist in 1944 (p.
In 1994 Apert was awarded the Prix Roger Vailland for his essay Residence d'automne.
Nobody, as Ted Freeman points out, is likely to have the chance of ever seeing either Roger Vailland's Le Colonel Foster plaidera coupable or Gabriel Marcel's Rome n'est plus dans Rome performed in the theatre.
After the publication of La Place rouge, his last and heavily autobiographical novel, which closes on a note of high approval for the Soviet Union, he wrote a long letter to Roger Vailland in which he outlined his dilemma: