Roger of Wendover

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Roger of Wendover
BirthplaceWendover(?), England

Roger of Wendover,

d. c.1236, English chronicler, a monk of St. Albans. As historiographer of St. Albans, he began the Flores historiarum (see Matthew of WestminsterMatthew of Westminster,
name for many years given to the supposed author of an English chronicle in Latin, the Flores historiarum. The chronicle was actually written by various monks. The portion covering the period from the creation to 1265, written at St.
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), a general chronicle starting with the creation. He drew the material from 1192 to 1201 from Roger of HovedenRoger of Hoveden
, d. 1201; English chronicler. His chronicle, covering the years from 732 to 1201, is an original source only for the years through which he lived. His life as a member of the household of Henry II and the documents he included make his work important.
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, but that from 1201 to 1235 is original. His work contains many fantastic and distorted stories and judgments hostile to King John. He is in large part responsible for the negative picture of John (perpetuated by Matthew of ParisMatthew of Paris
or Matthew Paris,
d. 1259, English historian, a monk of St. Albans. He became the historiographer of the convent after the death (c.1236) of Roger of Wendover.
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) that has come down through history.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Roger of Wendover


Date of birth unknown; died May 6, 1236, in the monastery of Saint Albans. English chronicler; monk at the monastery of Saint Albans. Possibly a native of Wendover, Buckinghamshire.

Wendover’s chronicle, Flores historiarum, is devoted to the history of England and, in part, that of a number of other countries, particularly France. The account covering the period 1201–35 is the most detailed and reliable. The chronicle was reworked by Matthew Paris, who incorporated it into his own opus.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is difficult to see, in particular, how lengthy extracts from Roger of Wendover and Caesarius of Heisterbach provide sufficient material for students to engage with modern historiographical debate and to explore events in the early thirteenth-century Languedoc on anything beyond a superficial level.
He begins with the legendary ride, how Roger of Wendover was first to mention it in the 12th century and how Matthew Paris copied and added to the story, making the legend more widely available.
He rightly warns against anti-Capetian bias in the more abundant contemporary sources that he usefully discusses, although he inexplicably omits Roger of Wendover from his survey (nor is the continental chronicle of the Anonymous of Bethune much utilized in the text).
The earliest reference to it is in The Flowers of History by Roger of Wendover, who claims to have copied the tale from an even earlier source.
The earliest extant source for the story is the Chronica (for the year 1057) of Roger of Wendover (d.
Paris revised the chronicles of England kept by his predecessors, John of Cella (covering the period through 1188) and Roger of Wendover (through 1235), and continued a lively record of events in England and Europe until 1259, the whole work being called the Chronica majora.
The first known account (this has come down to us in three versions) was written by Roger of Wendover (1167-1237) in his Flores Historiarum.
The medieval English chronicler Roger of Wendover describes in his Flores historiarum how an archbishop from Greater Armenia, visiting England in 1228, reported that there was in Armenia a man formerly called Cartaphilus who claimed he had been Pontius Pilate's doorkeeper and had struck Jesus on his way to Calvary, urging him to go faster.