Roland Barthes

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Barthes, Roland

(rôläN` bärt), 1915–80, French critic. Barthes was one of the founding figures in the theoretical movement centered around the journal Tel Quel. In his earlier works, such as Writing Degree Zero (tr. 1953) and Mythologies (1957, tr. 1972), he argued that literature, like all forms of communication, is essentially a system of signs. As such, he argued that it encodes various ideologies or "myths," to be decoded in terms of its own organizing principles or internal structures. He was strongly influenced by the linguist Ferdinand de Saussure, and his ideas, as expressed in works such as S/Z (1970, tr. 1974) and Empire of Signs (1970, tr. 1982), became more eclectic. Barthes has had an enormous influence on American literary theory.


See studies by J. Culler (1983), P. Lombardo (1989), and M. B. Wiseman (1989).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Por encomenda da editora Skira, O Imperio dos signos, como testemunha mais recente da biografa de Roland Barthes, Thyphaine Samoyault, reune um conjunto de "notas redigidas no curso de tres viagens sucessivas que ele fez a este pais" (SAMOYAUT, 2015, p.
Barthes, qui eprouve une forte aversion pour tout ce qui est "fiche, assigne a un lieu intellectuel" (Roland Barthes par Roland Barthes 53), denonce cette cuisine de la fiche, de l'affiche, puisque celle-ci ne fait que repeter et reproduire des formes et des formules, et s'en prend aux idees recues, a ces "methodes empiriques pour atteindre un but" (Larousse 862), a cette sclerose du langage, a ces cliches qui ne sont que fausse elegance.
Roland Barthes's primary focus on the 'mathesis singularis' (Barthes 1981a:8) is a pure contingency of the photographic evidence.
A performance based on the book by Roland Barthes. September 17-18.
J e dois beaucoup a Roland Barthes dans ma vie intellectuelle et d'auteur de films.
His autobiography of sorts, Roland Barthes by Roland Barthes was written in 1975, and Camera Lucida was published only in early 1980.
Pena presents 11 chapter-length studies of modern pop-cultural phenomena following in the foot-steps of Roland Barthes and his study of mythological modes of discourse in modern French culture.
Although Roland Barthes was never one of these public intellectuals who mingle with and vocally discuss political matters, he had a moment of "glory" in the 1950s.