Roland Mousnier

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mousnier, Roland


Born Sept. 7, 1907, in Paris. French historian.

A professor at the Sorbonne since 1955, Mousnier has been director of the Center for the Study of Modern European Civilization since 1958 and was chairman of the French National Committee of Historians from 1971 to 1975. His principal works are devoted to the history of France during the 16th to 18th centuries and deal mainly with agrarian relations and social structure. Mousnier interprets those topics in an anti-Marxist spirit. The problem of French absolutism, portrayed as a force transcending class and expressing genuine national interests, occupies a significant place in Mousnier’s work.


La Vénalité des offices sous Henri IV et Louis XIII, 2nd ed. Paris, 1971.
Le XVIII Siècle: Revolution intellectuelle, technique, et politique (1715–1815), 2nd ed. Paris, 1955.
Le XVI et XVII Siécles: Les Progrès de la civilisation européene et le déclin de l’Orient (1492–1715). 5th ed. Paris, 1967.
L’Art de la dissertation historique. Paris, 1960.
Le XVIII Siècle: L’époque des “Lumiéres” (1725–1815). Paris, 1963. (Together with E. Labrousse.)
L’Assassinat d’Henri IV14 mai 1610. Paris, 1964.
Tureurs paysannes: Les Paysans dans les révoltes du XVII siècle (France, Russie, Chine). Paris, 1967.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Reacting to such approaches in 1964, Roland Mousnier wrote a book on the assassination of Henri IV of France [1610], contending that this event explains a great deal about what later happened in France.
11), yet the unabashedly conservative historians Pierre Chaunu, Louis Chevalier, Bernard Fay, and Roland Mousnier all have entries.
There are plenty of other books that do that: Gaston Zeller, Roger Doucet, Roland Mousnier, etc.
There is an excellent summary of the series of peasant revolts, tax riots, and other popular uprisings of the sixteenth century made so famous by the debate between Roland Mousnier and Boris Porchnev forty years ago.
However, overtones of Roland Mousnier's societe des fidelites begin to dominate Boltanski's analysis when the author portrays Gonzague as ever faithful to monarchy, interpreting duc de Nevers's loyalism and service through the lens of fidelite.
This was the position of the historian Roland Mousnier, a specialist in ancien regime France, who defined estate social stratification as follows: "It consists of a hierarchy of ranks, distinguished one from another and ordered not according to the fortune of their members nor to the capacity for consumption that these possess; this hierarchy is not established through roles in the mode of production of material goods but according to the esteem, honor, and dignity attributed by society to social functions, which can have no relationship with the production of material goods." (24)
Roland Mousnier s monumental histor y of French institutions likens their situation to that of "one man in two bodies".
William Beik revisits rebellious seventeenth-century France, a territory historians as diverse as Boris Porchnev, Roland Mousnier, Yves-Marie Berce, Rene Pillorget and Robert Muchembled began to travel many decades ago and inspired others to explore as well.
Among the many au thors cited from the debates on these issues are Roland Mousnier, Robert Mandrou, Hugh Trevor-Roper, and Corado Vivanti.
Although he takes account of and pays honour to the magisterial veterans of revolt such as Roland Mousnier, Yves-Marie Berce, and others, examining the political goals, crowd psychology, sociology, and ideology of urban rebels, Beik attempts to pursue a distinctive analysis, dealing in particular with their behaviour and the patterns of evolution that characterized urban revolt.
The work originated as a doctoral thesis, written under the supervision of Roland Mousnier, and published in 1969: Livre, pouvoirs et societe a Paris au XVIIe Siecle, Geneva: Droz, 2 vols.
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