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[plural of die], small cubes used in games. They are usually made of ivory, bone, wood, plastic, or similar materials. The six sides are numbered by dots from 1 to 6, so placed that the sum of the dots on opposite sides equals 7. Dice much like those used today were found in ancient Egyptian tombs and in the ruins of Babylon. The playing of dice was popular in Greece and even more so in Rome, and dice were used throughout the Middle Ages. In the simplest form of play with dice each player throws, or shoots, for the highest sum. The most popular dice game in the United States is called craps. It is played with two dice; the underlying principle of the game is the fact that the most probable throw is a 7. On the first throw, if a player shoots 7 or 11 (called a natural) he wins and throws again, but if he shoots 2, 3, or 12 (called craps) he loses. If he shoots 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10 that number becomes his point, and he continues to shoot until he makes his point, in which case he wins and retains the dice, or until he shoots a 7, in which case he loses and relinquishes the dice to the next player. Bets may be placed against the thrower or, in side bets, in favor of him. In gambling halls all bets are made with the house either for or against. There are numerous other dice games.


See studies by J. Scarne and C. Rawson (rev. ed. 1962) and H. A. Heritage (1969).


see HoraeHorae
, in Greek religion and mythology, goddesses of the seasons; daughters of Zeus and Themis. Although they controlled the recurrence of the seasons, they also attended other gods and had no cults of their own. The number and names of the Horae differed from region to region.
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What does it mean when you dream about dice?

Dice fall under the meaning of the broader category of gambling because they are symbols of chance and even of fate (e.g., “the roll of the dice”).


(design engineering)



cast by Roman guards for Christ’s robe. [N.T.: Matthew 27:35]


The plural of die. See die.
References in periodicals archive ?
When old war buddy Piotr (Jan Frycz) suggests a bank robbery to buy forged passports, Andrzej is undecided whether to gamble everything on one last roll of the dice. As the gruff, dedicated doc, Gajos is excellent, portraying a range of conflicting emotions.
Harborne had the last roll of the dice, finishing off with a Neil Brown short corner.
"A roll of the dice, a turn of a card, the spin of a wheel, the run of a horse, the drawing of a lottery number are held out as the way to riches.
Robert Glavin concedes that his company's new multi-million dollar capital investment is a roll of the dice. The electronics shredding system now in place at United Recycling Industries' West Chicago, Ill., location could help the company become the dominant player in North American electronics recycling-or it could be a regrettable footnote in the history of the electronics recycling segment.
Roleplaying games allow players to explore various, often gruesome milieus based on the roll of the dice and various elaborately quantified skills, powers, and abilities.
Ultimately, this approach is no better than a professional roll of the dice; they have faith in their engineered number "7" but not necessarily in the likelihood that it will turn up.
Though they abhor surprises, they're no strangers to calculated risk, and they've all bet their careers on a single wild roll of the dice - but not until they made sure the dice were loaded in their favor.
More significantly, the static model could not easily evaluate the impact of proposed changes to the operation (additional power, holding furnace, additional furnace, downstream layout changes, etc.) so, in effect, all proposed changes were pretty much a roll of the dice. FSC needed to use the accumulated data to develop a model that could address the myriad variables of its day-to-day operations, as well as effectively assess the impact of any proposed changes.
Not far from Atlantic City, where a roll of the dice sorts the winners from the losers, researchers report finding the best clues to date on the mass extinction that stripped fortune from the dinosaurs and bequeathed it to mammals 65 million years ago.
And, rating wines as to what's best always is a roll of the dice. What wine you or I like at a given moment, with a given entree, is, no question, subjective.
Twenty-six years later, Judy and Peter (Kirsten Dunst, Bradley Pierce), the two children who've just moved into the old Parrish home, discover the Jumanji box and with an unwise roll of the dice set the magic off again.