Rolling Stock

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Wikipedia.

rolling stock

the wheeled vehicles collectively used on a railway, including the locomotives, passenger coaches, freight wagons, guard's vans, etc.

Rolling Stock


the quantity of railroad cars throughout the entire rail network of a given subdivision (department of railroads, of stations, and so forth). According to its purpose rolling stock is divided into passenger and freight, and according to its technical characteristics it is classified by the type of car (boxcar, gondola car, flatcar, and so forth), the number of axles per car (from two to eight and more), the clearance height and the gauge of the track (wide-gauge or narrow-gauge), freight capacity, and other factors. There is rolling stock for general and specialized use (for industrial transportation).

A distinction is made between inventory rolling stock, which includes all cars assigned to a given railroad, and available rolling stock, which consists of cars actually located within the bounds of a given railroad (no matter where they have been assigned). Available rolling stock is divided into operational stock used for commercial hauls and non-operational stock that is used for intrarailroad service runs and mobile workshops or is being repaired, and so forth. A special category of rolling stock is that which is kept in reserve; it is used during periods of mass hauls (export of grain and vegetables, transportation of farm equipment, and so forth).


Vagony: Konstruktsiia, teoriia i raschet. Moscow, 1965.
Spravochnik ekspluatatsionnika. Edited by N. A. Gundobin. Moscow, 1966.


Rolling Stock


all resources in the form of transport vehicles of all types that travel on track or on roads.

Rolling stock is broken down by sector, economic region, and country. It is classified according to function as passenger, freight, and special-purpose stock. Railroad rolling stock includes locomotives, self-propelled motorized cars (see), urban transit electric trains, diesel trains, railroad cars, and streetcars. The special-purpose rolling stock of railroads includes machines for track installation and maintenance, such as tracklayers, snowplows, and track liners. It also includes flatcar-mounted hoisting cranes, handcars, and other equipment. Railroad rolling stock is described in terms of load capacity, function, number of axles, type of traction (diesel or electric), and locomotive power.

Automotive rolling stock includes all classes of passenger cars, trucks, trailers and semitrailers, buses, and special-purpose firefighting, ambulance, and repair vehicles. It is described in terms of load capacity (for freight carriers), passenger capacity, number of axles, including drive axles, and type of engine (diesel or carburetor).

The concept of rolling stock is bound up with the qualitative characteristics of means of transport; quantitative characteristics are described by the concepts of motor vehicle pool, railroad-car fleet, and locomotive fleet.


Podvizhnoi sostav i tiagovoe khoziaistvo zheleznykh dorog. Moscow, 1971.
Klennikov, V. M. and N. M. Il’in. Avtomobil’, 4th ed. Moscow, 1973.


References in periodicals archive ?
In response to the ORR figures, an ATW spokesman said previously:"The rolling stock in our fleet was allocated to us at the start of the franchise in 2003, with much transferring over from previous franchise agreements.
CAF, which will manufacture the rolling stock for this project, is one of the largest rolling stock manufacturers in Europe.
Prof Cole said the rolling stock used by the company was now 40 years old and liable to need extensive maintenance.
The company owns a portfolio of freight and passenger train rolling stock and leases these assets to operating companies in the UK and Continental Europe.
On the last day of the tour, delegates visited a laboratory in Tsukuba and witnessed live fire experiments on sample materials used in metro rolling stock flooring.
The delegates were given a visual presentation on some of the materials used in manufacturing rolling stock and how these specific materials are fire-resistant.
The rolling stock, a total of 63 cars, will be manufactured by Japan Transport Engineering Company (J-TREC), a member of the East Japan Railway Company (JR East) Group.
Stage two is putting the new rolling stock on the existing line from Heathrow to Paddington above ground.
When analyzing the number of rolling stock breakdowns, we take into account the commuter flow fluctuation, rolling stock technical condition (the age or mileage), their maintenance and repair system.
Last night Merseytravel chairman Cllr Mark Dowd said: "This is the first step towards replacing the rolling stock which will help us to ensure Merseyrail's position as one of the best performing rail companies in the country.
The decision was therefore taken to postpone the planned fleet replacement until the bulk of the London orders are fulfilled to guarantee a seamless transition from current rolling stock to new trains.