Rolling Stock

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rolling stock

the wheeled vehicles collectively used on a railway, including the locomotives, passenger coaches, freight wagons, guard's vans, etc.

Rolling Stock


the quantity of railroad cars throughout the entire rail network of a given subdivision (department of railroads, of stations, and so forth). According to its purpose rolling stock is divided into passenger and freight, and according to its technical characteristics it is classified by the type of car (boxcar, gondola car, flatcar, and so forth), the number of axles per car (from two to eight and more), the clearance height and the gauge of the track (wide-gauge or narrow-gauge), freight capacity, and other factors. There is rolling stock for general and specialized use (for industrial transportation).

A distinction is made between inventory rolling stock, which includes all cars assigned to a given railroad, and available rolling stock, which consists of cars actually located within the bounds of a given railroad (no matter where they have been assigned). Available rolling stock is divided into operational stock used for commercial hauls and non-operational stock that is used for intrarailroad service runs and mobile workshops or is being repaired, and so forth. A special category of rolling stock is that which is kept in reserve; it is used during periods of mass hauls (export of grain and vegetables, transportation of farm equipment, and so forth).


Vagony: Konstruktsiia, teoriia i raschet. Moscow, 1965.
Spravochnik ekspluatatsionnika. Edited by N. A. Gundobin. Moscow, 1966.


Rolling Stock


all resources in the form of transport vehicles of all types that travel on track or on roads.

Rolling stock is broken down by sector, economic region, and country. It is classified according to function as passenger, freight, and special-purpose stock. Railroad rolling stock includes locomotives, self-propelled motorized cars (see), urban transit electric trains, diesel trains, railroad cars, and streetcars. The special-purpose rolling stock of railroads includes machines for track installation and maintenance, such as tracklayers, snowplows, and track liners. It also includes flatcar-mounted hoisting cranes, handcars, and other equipment. Railroad rolling stock is described in terms of load capacity, function, number of axles, type of traction (diesel or electric), and locomotive power.

Automotive rolling stock includes all classes of passenger cars, trucks, trailers and semitrailers, buses, and special-purpose firefighting, ambulance, and repair vehicles. It is described in terms of load capacity (for freight carriers), passenger capacity, number of axles, including drive axles, and type of engine (diesel or carburetor).

The concept of rolling stock is bound up with the qualitative characteristics of means of transport; quantitative characteristics are described by the concepts of motor vehicle pool, railroad-car fleet, and locomotive fleet.


Podvizhnoi sostav i tiagovoe khoziaistvo zheleznykh dorog. Moscow, 1971.
Klennikov, V. M. and N. M. Il’in. Avtomobil’, 4th ed. Moscow, 1973.


References in periodicals archive ?
Arriva Trains Wales (ATW) has been sent details of the London Underground rolling stock idea by Vivarail, the small company which has bought up scores of surplus coaches and started converting them from electric to diesel power.
Under a 10-year contract with BMCL, Marubeni and Toshiba will provide maintenance service for the rolling stock and the Purple Line's electrical systems.
Therefore, the number of domestically operated rolling stock faults is increasing (mainly diesel and electric trains).
Neil Scales, chief executive of Merseytravel, added: "This is a precursor to inviting tenders and allows manufacturers to express an interest in a contract to replace the rolling stock.
The CC said it had found that a lack of rivalry results from the interaction of several factors which restrict choice or the ability of train companies to exercise choice when it comes to leasing vehicles from the rolling stock companies (ROSCOs).
The only solution would be if train operators bought their own rolling stock, but it appears they do not have the funds to do so.
Porterbrook and Angel Trains, two of the three ROSCO's, have used securitization to refinance leases on existing rolling stock and future leases on rolling stock in production.
Before production begins at the Zhuzhou Rolling Stock Works, Chinese orders for Swing Motion suspensions will be produced by ABC-NACO.
The industry has witnessed notable growth ratio as the rolling stock segment with its increased demand of metro rails, commuter rails and mono rails majorly attributed to it.
Total quantity or scope: Interior cleaning of rolling stock (trams, buses and service vehicles) 2 deposits Tam CEMH (Operating Centre and Swallows Maintenance) and JP (Jeune Parque).
Frost & Sullivan Dashboard Outlines Investment Database of Rail Infrastructure and Rolling Stock in Europe
com/research/5f5n2w/rolling_stock) has announced the addition of the "Rolling Stock Market by Rolling Stock Type, by Locomotive Technology & by Region - Forecast and Analysis to 2019" report to their offering.