Roman Catholicism


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Roman Catholicism

the version of CHRISTIANITY held by the largest Christian denomination, the Roman Catholic Church. The RC Church claims universality and stresses the importance of unity with the Pope, the Bishop of Rome, as the successor of the apostle St. Peter. The RC Church broke with the Eastern (Orthodox) Church in the 11th-century, and there were further divisions in Western Christianity at the time of the Protestant Reformation (see PROTESTANTISM). The RC Church has always had a powerful political role and has exerted influence on both the formation of states and the shape of social and political institutions within them. It continues to play a major role internationally. It is difficult, however, to characterize the political nature of its current doctrine. Its stance on abortion and contraception, for example, has left it open to allegations that it is illiberal. On other issues, however, such as defence of human rights, for example in South Africa, Eastern Europe or Latin America, it is clearly progressive. Its internal structure remains authoritarian and hierarchical, but recent years have seen the laicization of its functions, revision of its central liturgies and more open relationships with other Churches. See also CHURCH, RELIGION, SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION.
References in periodicals archive ?
From at least the 13th century until December 7, 1965, Roman Catholicism had formally denied civil and other human rights to non-Catholics by teaching, in effect, that "theological error has no rights" in a properly governed (i.e., Roman Catholic) state.
This epiphany stimulates his conversion to Roman Catholicism. Years later, he dies in Haiti, where he has gone as a missionary.
Louis, Missouri) presents articles ranging from a column to several pages on people, movements, institutions, practices, and doctrines of Roman Catholicism beginning with the second century AD.
Infallibility--no word so closely identified with Roman Catholicism is more misunderstood.
A more consequential look at a single figure is Andrew Hadfield's "Translating the Reformation: John Bale's Irish Vocacyon," which argues persuasively for the centrality of Bale's work in forming the English view of the Irish as incorrigible in their stubborn clinging to Roman Catholicism.
One will search far and long before finding a more eloquent and effective presentation of the legitimate, albeit underreported, diversity within contemporary Roman Catholicism. When was the last time you read an intelligent discussion about legitimate active sex lives for single women and men within Roman Catholicism?
In 1850 Hahn-Hahn converted to Roman Catholicism and began publishing pious stories and poems.
The sections are generally chronological, beginning in indigenous religions and ending with Protestantism and Roman Catholicism entering the 21st century.
Roman Catholicism was very much a Western enterprise.
Her verse frequently reflects her devout Roman Catholicism and her love of Italy.
He covers central concepts of the Christian faith such as redemption, transubstantiation and sin, gives brief biographies of leaders in thought and deed within both Protestantism and Roman Catholicism, and also explains the beliefs of historical and current groups within the faith.
The shining city on the hill that was Roman Catholicism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, according to this first view, saw its foundational underpinnings knocked out one-by-one as misguided reforms took from both clergy and laity - perhaps dogmatically - nonessential elements of parish life, that clearly defined what it meant to be a Roman Catholic.