Roman Catholicism


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Roman Catholicism

the version of CHRISTIANITY held by the largest Christian denomination, the Roman Catholic Church. The RC Church claims universality and stresses the importance of unity with the Pope, the Bishop of Rome, as the successor of the apostle St. Peter. The RC Church broke with the Eastern (Orthodox) Church in the 11th-century, and there were further divisions in Western Christianity at the time of the Protestant Reformation (see PROTESTANTISM). The RC Church has always had a powerful political role and has exerted influence on both the formation of states and the shape of social and political institutions within them. It continues to play a major role internationally. It is difficult, however, to characterize the political nature of its current doctrine. Its stance on abortion and contraception, for example, has left it open to allegations that it is illiberal. On other issues, however, such as defence of human rights, for example in South Africa, Eastern Europe or Latin America, it is clearly progressive. Its internal structure remains authoritarian and hierarchical, but recent years have seen the laicization of its functions, revision of its central liturgies and more open relationships with other Churches. See also CHURCH, RELIGION, SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION.
References in periodicals archive ?
I propose that Roman Catholicism must remain focused on its mission and its teachings in order for members to choose to be active.
Xavier's Special Collection includes unpublished and rare published items on four topics: the history of Xavier University of Louisiana; African American history and culture; Roman Catholicism in the United States; and the Southern U.
Schwartz argues all four of these men felt alienated from their world and had a profound need to rebel against modernity by embracing Roman Catholicism.
Plant us in the arid soil of Mormonism, Roman Catholicism, Protestant fundamentalism, Orthodox Judaism, even Islam, and many of us grow and prosper.
Roman Catholicism is the state religion, and most of the approximately 7,200 Monegasque citizens living in the principality adhere to that religion, at least nominally.
This spectrum thus includes men whose wartime experiences led them to reject organized religion, but not their belief in the existence of God, as well as Anglicans who converted to Roman Catholicism.
In response to a question from Ecumenical News International about relations with the Vatican, Michael Nazir-Ali, the bishop of Rochester and working party chair, said there were already "significant movements in Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism for ordaining women.
Cote turns this around and suggests that it is the teachings of Roman Catholicism that need to be purified (changed) in order to adapt to our changing culture.
He brings together experts in Roman Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Taoism, Confucianism, Judaism, Islam, Protestantism, and Native American spirituality to speak on the historical as well as the contemporary perspectives concerning women, contraception, and abortion.
Christianity's future resides in Roman Catholicism, Pentecostalism, evangelicalism, and Eastern Orthodoxy, especially the former two as they advance dramatically in the Third World.
His father's death in 1878 brought him financial independence; his conversion to Roman Catholicism two years later inevitably affected his client base, and his early collapse into picturesque insanity effectively ended his career in 1883.
THE VATICAN, THE 109-ACRE INTERNATIONAL headquarters of Roman Catholicism, works at the leisurely pace of an institution that has seen it all over 2,000 years of history.