Colosseum

(redirected from Roman Colosseum)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Colosseum

or

Coliseum

(both: kŏləsē`əm), Ital. Colosseo, common name of the Flavian Amphitheater in Rome, near the southeast end of the Forum, between the Palatine and Esquiline hills. Begun by Vespasian, c.A.D. 75, and completed by his son Titus in A.D. 80, it is the most imposing of Roman antiquities. The vast four-storied oval is 617 ft (188 m) by 512 ft (156 m), much of which is still standing; it had tier on tier of marble seats accommodating c.45,000 spectators. It encloses an arena measuring 250 ft (76 m) by 151 ft (46 m) where gladiatorial combats were held (see gladiatorsgladiators
[Lat.,=swordsmen], in ancient Rome, class of professional fighters, who performed for exhibition. Gladiatorial combats usually took place in amphitheaters. They probably were introduced from Etruria and originally were funeral games.
..... Click the link for more information.
) until 404. According to tradition, persecuted Christians were thrown there to beasts. The Colosseum has been damaged several times by earthquakes.

Bibliography

See J. Pearson, Arena: The Story of the Colosseum (1974).

Colosseum

 

(Amphitheatrum Flavium), a monument of ancient Roman architecture (A.D. 75–80).

The Colosseum is elliptical in plan, about 190 m long and 156 m wide. It includes an arena and four tiers of seats for spectators (about 50,000). The Colosseum was built for gladiatorial fights and other spectacles. Constructed of tufa, it had external walls faced with travertine. Inside, brick and concrete were used for the construction of the arched galleries, and the platforms were covered with marble. The statues and stucco decorations of the Colosseum have not been preserved. Outside, three tiers of arcades (Tuscan, Ionic, and Corinthian orders) and a crowning attic, articulated with flat pilasters, concealed the platforms and the labyrinth of the substructures of the arena. The majestic, grandiose Colosseum, with its powerfully rounded space and the rich plasticity of the arcades, is the most important of the Roman amphitheaters.

REFERENCE

Tsires, A. G. Arkhitektura Kolizeia. Moscow, 1940.

colosseum, coliseum

colosseum, 1 showing seating and plan at various levels
1.(cap.) The Flavian amphitheater in Rome.
2. Any large Roman amphitheater.
3. Now, any large sports arena, open or roofed.
References in periodicals archive ?
It's been obvious since Speer's "Cathedral of Light," or maybe since show time in the Roman Colosseum, that spectacle can be problematic.
If you're thinking Roman Colosseum, try thinking instead Nazi Germany, Latin America, China.
Australian history professors claim the Sydney medals were clearly of the Roman Colosseum, recently featured in the film Gladiator, although the International Olympic Committee says the medals bear the image of a generic colosseum and not the famous fighting arena in Rome.
The Great Pyramid The Wall The Panama Canal The Roman Colosseum by Elizabeth Mann Mikaya Press, New York, $18.
New for 1999, 360-degree panoramas immerse the viewer in full-circle, wrap-around images of 100 famous locations, such as the Roman Colosseum, Stonehenge and the Grand Canyon, each with links to articles and descriptive captions.
Seve got to see the Eiffel tower, the Roman Colosseum and the Trevi Fountain.
Patricia competed in the 1960 Olympics in Rome, with her gymnastic events taking place in the Roman Colosseum - and she still has more than a touch of the Olympic spirit.
Now we live in a digital arena, like some Roman Colosseum, with our thumbs up or thumbs down.
land and will include the construction of a park showcasing 300 replicas of famous and natural monuments and historical landmarks all over the world such as Burj Al Arab, Burj Dubai, Egyptian Pyramids, Great Wall of China, Aztec Temple, Roman Colosseum, Acropolis of Athens, Petra, Lebanese Raouche Rock, Hanging Gardens of Babylon.
The first thing that came to my mind when I heard of this was the Roman Colosseum when the mob picked who lived and who died," the Daily Mail quoted Mary Spaulding Balch, director of state legislation for National Right to Life, as saying.
Critics fussed over whether this was the Roman Colosseum reborn--public electronic maiming for our collective amusement.