Roman Dmowski

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Dmowski, Roman


Born Aug. 9, 1864, in Kamionka, near Warsaw; died Jan. 2, 1939, in the village of Drozdowo, near Lomza. Polish political figure.

In 1893, along with other figures in the bourgeois-nationalist movement, Dmowski organized the Liga Narodowa, which was reorganized in 1897 into the National Democratic Party. Initially Dmowski propounded the consolidation of national forces and opposed the Russification policy of tsarism. As the Polish revolutionary workers’ movement developed, Dmowski began to oppose the proletariat increasingly vigorously. In 1905-07 he called for the suppression of the revolution and proposed cooperation with tsarism. During World War I he sided with the Entente. He headed the Polish National Committee, created on Nov. 25, 1914, in St. Petersburg, and later the committee of the same name that was created in Paris in 1917. In 1919 he was the Polish delegate to the Paris Peace Conference. Dmowski founded the Camp of Great Poland (1926-33), a profascist political group.

References in periodicals archive ?
His most notable opponent was the head of the expansionist-minded, anti-Semitic and anti-German National Democrats, Roman Dmowski.
If he was stunned to have discovered virtually nothing on Jozef Pilsudski and Poland in English-language historiography, even less can be found on Roman Dmowski and his Endeks.
Neither of the dominant Polish political figures in this period, Jozef Pitsudski and Roman Dmowski, was a model Catholic, and their respective parties held social and political positions that often put them at odds with Catholic policy.
The nationalist Poles, especially the followers of Roman Dmowski, were also bitter enemies because they wanted to eradicate Ukrainian nationalist consciousness.
Many of its members now hanker after the prewar dictator Jozef Pilsudski, the nationalist Roman Dmowski and even more reactionary figures from the past.