Roman Polanski


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Roman Polanski
Rajmund Roman Thierry Polański
Birthday
BirthplaceParis, France
Occupation
Actor, director, producer, screenwriter

Polanski, Roman,

1933–, Polish-French film director, b. Paris. His family returned to Kraków, Poland, when he was three. His parents were imprisoned in Nazi concentration camps and his mother died at Auschwitz, but Polanski, living partly on his own, escaped the Holocaust. He began to act after the war and later (1954–59) studied filmmaking in Łódź, where he made a number of notable shorts, e.g., Two Men and a Wardrobe (1958). His first feature-length work, the Polish-language Knife in the Water (1962), a sexually charged psychological drama, brought him international acclaim. From his earliest efforts and throughout his career, Polanski has exhibited a taste for dramatic situations presented with a cool lack of sentimentality and marked by unexpected violence and a sense of irony, black humor, and isolation and dread. Moving to England, he made three films, the best known of which is the intense, erotic, and terrifying Repulsion (1965).

Polanski went on to Hollywood in 1968 and that year made his American debut with the horror classic Rosemary's Baby, his greatest commercial success. In 1969 his pregnant wife, Sharon Tate, and a group of their friends were murdered by members of the Charles Manson "family." Subsequently, Polanski settled in France but returned to the States to make the award-winning noir detective thriller Chinatown (1974). After pleading guilty to statutory rape in 1977, he fled (1978) before sentencing to France, where he had become (1976) a citizen, and has not returned to the United States. In 2009 he was arrested in Switzerland on an outstanding warrant arising from the case and placed under house arrest, but he was not extradited (2010) and was released. A request for extradition from Poland was also denied (2015–16).

Polanski's subsequent films include Tess (1980), based on a Thomas HardyHardy, Thomas,
1840–1928, English novelist and poet, b. near Dorchester, one of the great English writers of the 19th cent.

The son of a stonemason, he derived a love of music from his father and a devotion to literature from his mother.
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 novel; the thriller Frantic (1988); the erotically compelling Bitter Moon (1992); and Death and the Maiden (1994), based on an Ariel DorfmanDorfman, Ariel
, 1942–, Chilean novelist, playwright, essayist, and journalist, b. Argentina. Dorfman's family moved to the United States shortly after his birth, settling in Chile in 1954. He attended and was later a professor at the Univ. of Chile.
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 play. After a few largely forgettable films, he directed The Pianist (2002), a brooding, intimate, and fear-haunted drama based on the true story of a Holocaust survivor, for which Polanski received an Academy Award. His next major film was The Ghost Writer (2010), a moody contemporary political thriller that combines menace with irony. He also has acted in and written screenplays for a number of his films.

Bibliography

See his autobiography (1984); biographies by T. Kiernan (1981), V. W. Wexman (1985), and C. Sandford (2008); studies by I. Butler (1970), B. Leaming (1981), J. Parker (1993), and D. Bird (2001); A. Corcetti, dir., Roman Polanski: Reflections of Darkness (documentary, 2000); M. Zenovich, dir., Roman Polanski: Wanted and Desired (documentary, 2008).

References in periodicals archive ?
"How can I ignore the fact that a few weeks ago the Academy expelled my husband, Roman Polanski, in an attempt to appease the zeitgeist - the very same Academy which in 2002 awarded him an Oscar for The Pianist!
Roman Polanski, 84, is being searched by Interpol since 1977 when a US court convicted him of raping Samantha Gamer.
The ghost writer, Francia, Alemania, Reino Unido, 2010 / Direccion: Roman Polanski / Interpretes: Ewan McGregor, Pierce Brosnan, Kim Cattrall, Olivia Williams / Guion: Roman Polanski, Robert Harris / Duracion: 128 minutos / Genero: Suspenso, Intriga.
Switzerland has decided not to extradite Oscar-winning film director Roman Polanski to the US to face sentencing for having unlawful sex with a 13-year-old girl in 1977.
warrant against Roman Polanski due to sexual offence against a minor committed
AMERICAN prosecutors have talked to a British actress who claims she was sexually abused by director Roman Polanski when she was 16 ...
AaAaAa At the festival, Kingsley's fans will enjoy a selefction of his best movies such as "Bugsy" by Barry Levinson (1991), "Schindler's List" of Steven Spielberg (1993), "Death and the Maiden" of Roman Polanski (1994), "Sexy Beast" of Jonathan Glazer (2000), "House of Sand and Fog" of Vadim Perelman (2003), "Oliver Twist" of Roman Polanski (2005) and "The Wackness" by Jonathan Levine (2008).
Although the charges ultimately brought against Polanski were pretty ugly, many reporters today only mention that he pled guilty to "unlawful sexual intercourse with a minor." Thus, a little perspective is necessary, and Kate Harding provides it at Salon.com: "Roman Polanski raped a child....
GENEVA: Switzerland s top criminal court on Tuesday rejected Oscar-winning director Roman Polanski s request to be released on bail, saying there was a "high" risk that he could flee the country.
There's no question that Roman Polanski committed such a crime in 1977, when he gave the underage girl a Quaalude and champagne and proceeded to perform various sex acts against her will, including intercourse.
Roman Polanski is an extraordinary director whose works routinely appear on critics' lists of the greatest movies of all time.
Film director Roman Polanski was arrested on a 1978 US arrest warrant for having sex with a 13-year-old girl, Swiss police have confirmed.