Roman Polanski

(redirected from Roman Polansky)
Roman Polanski
Rajmund Roman Thierry Polański
Birthday
BirthplaceParis, France
Occupation
Actor, director, producer, screenwriter

Polanski, Roman,

1933–, Polish-French film director, b. Paris. His family returned to Kraków, Poland, when he was three. His parents were imprisoned in Nazi concentration camps and his mother died at Auschwitz, but Polanski, living partly on his own, escaped the Holocaust. He began to act after the war and later (1954–59) studied filmmaking in Łódź, where he made a number of notable shorts, e.g., Two Men and a Wardrobe (1958). His first feature-length work, the Polish-language Knife in the Water (1962), a sexually charged psychological drama, brought him international acclaim. From his earliest efforts and throughout his career, Polanski has exhibited a taste for dramatic situations presented with a cool lack of sentimentality and marked by unexpected violence and a sense of irony, black humor, and isolation and dread. Moving to England, he made three films, the best known of which is the intense, erotic, and terrifying Repulsion (1965).

Polanski went on to Hollywood in 1968 and that year made his American debut with the horror classic Rosemary's Baby, his greatest commercial success. In 1969 his pregnant wife, Sharon Tate, and a group of their friends were murdered by members of the Charles Manson "family." Subsequently, Polanski settled in France but returned to the States to make the award-winning noir detective thriller Chinatown (1974). After pleading guilty to statutory rape in 1977, he fled (1978) before sentencing to France, where he had become (1976) a citizen, and has not returned to the United States. In 2009 he was arrested in Switzerland on an outstanding warrant arising from the case and placed under house arrest, but he was not extradited (2010) and was released. A request for extradition from Poland was also denied (2015–16).

Polanski's subsequent films include Tess (1980), based on a Thomas HardyHardy, Thomas,
1840–1928, English novelist and poet, b. near Dorchester, one of the great English writers of the 19th cent.

The son of a stonemason, he derived a love of music from his father and a devotion to literature from his mother.
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 novel; the thriller Frantic (1988); the erotically compelling Bitter Moon (1992); and Death and the Maiden (1994), based on an Ariel DorfmanDorfman, Ariel
, 1942–, Chilean novelist, playwright, essayist, and journalist, b. Argentina. Dorfman's family moved to the United States shortly after his birth, settling in Chile in 1954. He attended and was later a professor at the Univ. of Chile.
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 play. After a few largely forgettable films, he directed The Pianist (2002), a brooding, intimate, and fear-haunted drama based on the true story of a Holocaust survivor, for which Polanski received an Academy Award. His next major film was The Ghost Writer (2010), a moody contemporary political thriller that combines menace with irony. He also has acted in and written screenplays for a number of his films.

Bibliography

See his autobiography (1984); biographies by T. Kiernan (1981), V. W. Wexman (1985), and C. Sandford (2008); studies by I. Butler (1970), B. Leaming (1981), J. Parker (1993), and D. Bird (2001); A. Corcetti, dir., Roman Polanski: Reflections of Darkness (documentary, 2000); M. Zenovich, dir., Roman Polanski: Wanted and Desired (documentary, 2008).

References in periodicals archive ?
"Maryan" is produced by Venu Ravichandran under Aascar Films banner and cinematography is by Marc Koninckx, a Belgium-born cameraman who has worked with the likes of Roman Polansky and Bernardo Bertolucci.
El aliento de El bebe de Rosemary, de Roman Polansky, sopla por las calles, acosa a Eva en su propia casa.
Esta pelicula -El bebe de Rosemary- es del ano 1968, es una pelicula de terror del director polaco Roman Polansky (1933- ) y segun criticos especializados en cine es una de sus mejores obras.
Charles Manson es recordado por haber comandado al grupo de dementes que dio muerte a varias personas en una sola fiesta, entre ellas la esposa, embarazada entonces, del cineasta Roman Polansky. Creo que todavia vive, en prision.
John Lennon, Karl Gustave Jung, Howard Marks and Roman Polansky are just some of the celebrities who are involved in this joint history of LSD/Stark.
DEDICATED: Adrien Brody playing Wladyslaw Szpilman in a scene from The Pianist, which director Roman Polansky has described as his most personal film yet