Romanus IV

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Romanus IV

(Romanus Diogenes) (dīŏj`ənēz), d. 1072, Byzantine emperor (1068–71). A Cappadocian general, he succeeded Constantine X by marrying his widow, Eudocia Macrembolitissa. After some early successes against the Seljuk Turks he was crushingly defeated and captured (1071) by Alp Arslan at ManzikertManzikert
, Turk. Malazgirt, village, E Turkey, SE of Erzurum. It was an important town of ancient Armenia. A council held there in A.D. 726 reasserted the independence of the Armenian Church from the Orthodox Eastern Church.
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. He was ransomed and promised to pay tribute, but he was deposed and blinded by his stepson, Michael VII, and soon died.
References in periodicals archive ?
Alp Arslan learned that the Byzantine emperor Romanos IV, with a large army of 30,000, was planning to attack his rear army in Armenia.
The decisive defeat of the Byzantine army and the capture of the Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes played an important role in undermining Byzantine authority in Anatolia and Armenia, and allowed for the gradual Turkification of Anatolia.
In 1071 the Byzantine army was almost wiped out at Manzikert between Erzurum and Lake Van and the Emperor, Romanos IV, captured.